Every 5 years, as stipulated in the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990, the DHHS and USDA are required to publish the Dietary Guidelines as a means to inform the general public. Though the real reach of the guidelines stretch much further than a regular public awareness campaign, they are used by policymakers and healthcare professionals, and indeed, they are used to inform federal food and health policies.

As many diseases and ailments have been overcome in the past century, rates of chronic diseases and ailments related to diets have increased. The national increase in cases of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity make the dietary guidelines of increasingly greater importance. 

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  1. Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020).
  2. Sandra L. Jackson, PhD; Sallyann M. Coleman King, MD; Lixia Zhao, PhD; Mary E. Cogswell, DrPH
  3. Prevalence of Excess Sodium Intake in the United States — NHANES, 2009–2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 2015 Jan 8.

  4. The American Cancer Society. 2015 Jan 8.
  5. The American Heart Association. 2015 Jan 8.