Thyroid Disease Treatments
Thyroid Disease Treatments
Generic Brand Strength Form Dose
HYPOTHYROIDISM
levothyroxine 100mcg, 200mcg, 500mcg pwd for IV inj after reconstitution Adults: Myxedema coma: individualize. Initially 300–500mcg IV once, then 50–100mcg IV once daily; switch to oral form and dose as soon as feasible. Elderly, underlying CVD: may need lower doses.
Children: Not established.
Levothroid 25mcg, 50mcg, 75mcg, 88mcg, 100mcg, 112mcg, 125mcg, 137mcg, 150mcg, 175mcg, 200mcg, 300mcg tabs Adults: Maintenance: 100–200mcg daily.
Children: <6mos: 8–10mcg/kg/day. 6mos–1yr: 6–8mcg/kg/day. 1–5yrs: 5–6mcg/kg/day. 6–12yrs: 4–5mcg/kg/day.
Levoxyl*† 25mcg, 50mcg (dye-free), 75mcg, 88mcg, 100mcg, 112mcg, 125mcg, 137mcg, 150mcg, 175mcg, 200mcg scored tabs Adults: Primary hypothyroidism: 1.6mcg/kg once daily; titrate in increments of 12.5–25mcg every 4–6wks until euthyroid and serum TSH normalized. Elderly or underlying CVD: initially 12.5–25mcg once daily; titrate every 6–8wks until euthyroid and serum TSH normalized. Usual max 200mcg/day. Severe hypothyroidism: initially 12.5–25mcg once daily; titrate in increments of 12.5–25mcg every 2–4wks until euthyroid and serum TSH normalized. Secondary or tertiary hypothyroidism, pregnancy: see full labeling.
Children: Congenital or acquired hypothyroidism: 0–3mos: 10–15mcg/kg/day; 3–6mos: 8–10mcg/kg/day; 6–12mos: 6–8mcg/kg/day; 1–5yrs: 5–6mcg/kg/day; 6–12yrs: 4–5mcg/kg/day; >12yrs (growth and puberty incomplete): 2–3mcg/kg/day; (growth and puberty complete): 1.6mcg/kg/day. Newborns at risk for cardiac failure: initiate at lower dose; increase dose every 4–6wks as needed. Risk for hyperactivity: initially ¼ full replacement dose; increase by ¼ dose weekly until full dose reached.
Synthroid*† 25mcg, 50mcg (dye-free), 75mcg, 88mcg, 100mcg, 112mcg, 125mcg, 137mcg, 150mcg, 175mcg, 200mcg, 300mcg scored tabs
Thyquidity* 20mcg/mL oral soln
Tirosint-Sol* 13mcg/mL, 25mcg/mL, 37.5mcg/mL, 44mcg/mL, 50mcg/mL, 62.5mcg/mL, 75mcg/mL, 88mcg/mL, 100mcg/mL, 112mcg/mL, 125mcg/mL, 137mcg/mL, 150mcg/mL, 175mcg/mL, 200mcg/mL oral soln
Unithroid*† 25mcg, 50mcg (dye-free), 75mcg, 88mcg, 100mcg, 112mcg, 125mcg, 137mcg, 150mcg, 175mcg, 200mcg, 300mcg scored tabs
liothyronine Cytomel 5mcg, 25mcg, 50mcg tabs Adults: Hypothyroidism: initially 25mcg daily; may increase by up to 25mcg every 1–2wks; usual maintenance 25–75mcg daily. Myxedema, simple goiter: initially 5mcg daily; may increase by 5–10mcg daily every 1–2wks to 25mcg daily, then may increase by 5–25mcg every 1–2wks (myxedema) or by 12.5 or 25mcg daily every 1–2wks (simple goiter). Maintenance: myxedema: 50–100mcg/day; simple goiter: 75mcg/day.
Children: Initially 5mcg daily; may increase by 5mcg daily every 3–4 days. Cretinism: maintenance dose: <1yr: 20mcg/day. 1–3yrs: 50mcg/day. >3yrs: as adult.
Triostat 10mcg/mL soln for IV inj Adults: Myxedema coma, precoma: initially 25–50mcg; CVD: initially 10–20mcg. Usual range: 65–100mcg daily. Change to oral therapy as soon as possible: start tabs at low dose and increase gradually; discontinue IV gradually. Give with glucocorticoids. Allow 4–12hrs between doses.
Children: Not recommended.
thyroid Armour Thyroid 15mg (¼ grain), 30mg (½ grain), 60mg (1 grain), 90mg (1 + ½ grain), 120mg (2 grains), 180mg (3 grains)+, 240mg (4 grains), 300mg (5 grains) tabs Adults: Initially 30mg daily (long-standing myxedema: initially 15mg daily); increase by 15mg every 2–3wks; usual maintenance: 60–120mg daily.
Children: <6mos: 4.8–6mg/kg/day. 6–12mos: 3.6–4.8mg/kg/day; 1–5yrs: 3–3.6mg/kg/day; 6–12yrs: 2.4–3mg/kg/day; ≥12yrs: 1.2–1.8mg/kg/day.
HYPERTHYROIDISM
methimazole 5mg, 10mg scored tabs Adults: Initially 15–60mg daily in 3 divided doses, depending on severity of disease. Maintenance: 5–15mg daily.
Children: Initially 0.4mg/kg daily in 3 divided doses. Maintenance: ½ initial dose.
propylthiouracil 50mg scored tabs Adults: Give in 3 equally divided doses every 8hrs. Initially 300mg/day. Severe conditions: initially 400mg/day; max 900mg/day. Maintenance: 100–150mg/day.
Children: <6yrs: not recommended. Give in 3 equally divided doses every 8hrs. ≥6yrs: initially 50mg/day; may upward titrate based on response, TSH, and free T4 levels.
THYROID EYE DISEASE
teprotumumab-trbw Tepezza 500mg/vial lyophilized pwd for IV infusion after reconstitution Adults: Initially 10mg/kg followed by 20mg/kg every 3wks for 7 additional infusions. Infuse 1st two infusions over 90mins; if tolerated, may reduce subsequent infusions to 60mins.
Children: Not established.
NOTES

Key: + = scored; CVD = cardiovascular disease

* Take in AM on empty stomach, ½ to 1hr before breakfast.

† May crush tabs and mix in 5–10mL water.

Not an inclusive list of medications or dosing details. Please see drug monograph at www.eMPR.com and/or contact company for full drug labeling.

Created 2/2022