Indications for VICTOZA:
As adjunct to diet and exercise, to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). To reduce the risk of major adverse CV events (eg, CV death, non-fatal MI/stroke) in adults with T2DM and established CV disease.
Limitations of Use:
Not for treating type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis. Not studied in combination with prandial insulin.
Give by SC inj in abdomen, thigh, or upper arm once daily. Initially 0.6mg/day for 1 week, then increase to 1.2mg/day; may increase to 1.8mg/day after ≥1 week if additional control is required. If >3 days elapsed since last dose, reinitiate at 0.6mg/day, then titrate.
<10yrs: not established. Give by SC inj in abdomen, thigh, or upper arm once daily. ≥10yrs: initially 0.6mg/day; after ≥1 week, may increase to 1.2mg/day if additional control is required; may further increase to 1.8mg/day after ≥1 week if needed. If >3 days elapsed since last dose, reinitiate at 0.6mg/day, then titrate.
History (personal or family) of medullary thyroid carcinoma. Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 2.
Risk of thyroid C-cell tumors.
Risk of thyroid C-cell tumors; inform patients of potential risk and symptoms. Discontinue if pancreatitis is suspected; do not restart if confirmed. History of pancreatitis: limited data. Evaluate if cholelithiasis is suspected. Do not reuse or share pens or needles between patients. History of anaphylaxis or angioedema with other GLP-1 receptor agonist. Discontinue if hypersensitivity reactions occur. Renal impairment: caution with initiating or escalating doses. Hepatic impairment: use with caution (limited data). Dehydration. Gastroparesis: not studied. Pregnancy. Nursing mothers.
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist.
Concomitant insulin; administer as separate injections not adjacent to each other. Hypoglycemia with sulfonylureas or insulin (consider reducing their doses). May affect absorption of concomitant oral drugs (delayed gastric emptying); caution.
Nausea, diarrhea, headache, vomiting, decreased appetite, dyspepsia, constipation, immunogenicity reactions (eg, urticaria); hypoglycemia (esp. in children); rare: pancreatitis, papillary thyroid carcinoma, hypersensitivity reactions.
Generic Drug Availability:
Multi-dose, pre-filled pens (3mL)—2, 3