Select therapeutic use:

Arthritis/rheumatic disorders:

Indications for: PLAQUENIL

Acute and chronic rheumatoid arthritis.

Adult Dosage:

Give with food or milk. Give in 1–2 divided doses. Initially 400–600mg daily. Chronic dose: 200–400mg daily.

Children Dosage:

Not established.

PLAQUENIL Warnings/Precautions:

Cardiomyopathy. Ventricular arrhythmias. Avoid in patients with congenital or documented acquired QT prolongation and/or known risk factors for QT prolongation (eg, heart failure, MI, bradycardia, ventricular dysrhythmias, uncorrected hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia). Risk for retinal damage if daily dosage is ≥5mg/kg, duration of use >5yrs, renal impairment, concurrent macular disease. Monitor for ocular toxicity, cardiomyopathy; discontinue if suspected. Correct electrolyte imbalances prior to initiation. Monitor for severe skin reactions (eg, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis); discontinue if reactions occur. Avoid in those with psoriasis or porphyria. Monitor ocular function, muscle strength, deep tendon reflexes, and blood counts in long-term use; discontinue if myelosuppression or weakness occurs. Hypoglycemia; monitor diabetics. G6PD deficiency. Hepatic or renal impairment; may need dose reduction. Elderly. Pregnancy. Nursing mothers.

PLAQUENIL Classification:

DMARD (aminoquinoline).

PLAQUENIL Interactions:

Avoid concomitant QT-prolonging drugs, cimetidine, rifampicin. Increased ocular toxicity with concomitant tamoxifen. May potentiate digoxin, cyclosporine; monitor. May need to reduce dose of concomitant insulin or antidiabetic drugs. Increased seizure risk with other antimalarials (eg, mefloquine). May increase toxicity with methotrexate. May affect antiepileptics. May antagonize praziquantel, ampicillin. May be antagonized by antacids or kaolin; separate dosing by at least 4 hours.

Adverse Reactions:

Headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, visual disturbances, rash; cardiomyopathy, irreversible retinopathy, QT prolongation, myopathy, neuropathy, hypoglycemia (may be severe), severe skin reactions, hematologic toxicity, hemolytic anemia; rare: suicidal behavior.

Generic Drug Availability:

YES

How Supplied:

Tabs—60, 100

Pricing for PLAQUENIL

200mg tablet (Qty: 60)
Appx. price $29
GoodRx

Malaria:

Indications for: PLAQUENIL

Treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax malaria. Prophylaxis of malaria in areas with no chloroquine resistance.

Limitations of Use:

Not for treating complicated malaria. Not effective against chloroquine- or hydroxychloroquine-resistant strains. Not for preventing relapses of P. vivax or P. ovale. Not for treatment and prophylaxis in chloroquine-resistant areas.

Adult Dosage:

Take with food or milk. Prophylaxis (start 2wks before and continue for 4wks after trip): 400mg once weekly. Treatment: initially 800mg; then 400mg at 6, 24, and 48hrs after 1st dose (total 2g).

Children Dosage:

<31kg: not recommended. Take with food or milk. Prophylaxis (start 2wks before and continue for 4wks after trip) (≥31kg): 6.5mg/kg (max 400mg) once weekly. Treatment (≥31kg): initially 13mg/kg (max 800mg); then 6.5mg/kg (max 400mg) at 6, 24 and 48hrs after 1st dose (total 31mg/kg up to 2g).

PLAQUENIL Warnings/Precautions:

Cardiomyopathy. Ventricular arrhythmias. Avoid in patients with congenital or documented acquired QT prolongation and/or known risk factors for QT prolongation (eg, heart failure, MI, bradycardia, ventricular dysrhythmias, uncorrected hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia). Risk for retinal damage if daily dosage is ≥5mg/kg, duration of use >5yrs, renal impairment, concurrent macular disease. Monitor for ocular toxicity, cardiomyopathy; discontinue if suspected. Correct electrolyte imbalances prior to initiation. Monitor for severe skin reactions (eg, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis); discontinue if reactions occur. Avoid in those with psoriasis or porphyria. Monitor ocular function, muscle strength, deep tendon reflexes, and blood counts in long-term use; discontinue if myelosuppression or weakness occurs. Hypoglycemia; monitor diabetics. G6PD deficiency. Hepatic or renal impairment; may need dose reduction. Elderly. Pregnancy. Nursing mothers.

PLAQUENIL Classification:

Aminoquinoline.

PLAQUENIL Interactions:

Avoid concomitant QT-prolonging drugs, cimetidine, rifampicin. Increased ocular toxicity with concomitant tamoxifen. May potentiate digoxin, cyclosporine; monitor. May need to reduce dose of concomitant insulin or antidiabetic drugs. Increased seizure risk with other antimalarials (eg, mefloquine). May increase toxicity with methotrexate. May affect antiepileptics. May antagonize praziquantel, ampicillin. May be antagonized by antacids or kaolin; separate dosing by at least 4 hours.

Adverse Reactions:

Headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, visual disturbances, rash; cardiomyopathy, irreversible retinopathy, QT prolongation, myopathy, neuropathy, hypoglycemia (may be severe), severe skin reactions, hematologic toxicity, hemolytic anemia; rare: suicidal behavior.

Generic Drug Availability:

YES

How Supplied:

Tabs—60, 100

Pricing for PLAQUENIL

200mg tablet (Qty: 60)
Appx. price $29
GoodRx

Miscellaneous immune disorders:

Indications for: PLAQUENIL

Chronic discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus.

Adult Dosage:

Give with food or milk. 200–400mg daily in 1–2 divided doses; max 400mg daily.

Children Dosage:

Not established.

PLAQUENIL Warnings/Precautions:

Cardiomyopathy. Ventricular arrhythmias. Avoid in patients with congenital or documented acquired QT prolongation and/or known risk factors for QT prolongation (eg, heart failure, MI, bradycardia, ventricular dysrhythmias, uncorrected hypokalemia and/or hypomagnesemia). Risk for retinal damage if daily dosage is ≥5mg/kg, duration of use >5yrs, renal impairment, concurrent macular disease. Monitor for ocular toxicity, cardiomyopathy; discontinue if suspected. Correct electrolyte imbalances prior to initiation. Monitor for severe skin reactions (eg, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis); discontinue if reactions occur. Avoid in those with psoriasis or porphyria. Monitor ocular function, muscle strength, deep tendon reflexes, and blood counts in long-term use; discontinue if myelosuppression or weakness occurs. Hypoglycemia; monitor diabetics. G6PD deficiency. Hepatic or renal impairment; may need dose reduction. Elderly. Pregnancy. Nursing mothers.

PLAQUENIL Classification:

DMARD (aminoquinoline).

PLAQUENIL Interactions:

Avoid concomitant QT-prolonging drugs, cimetidine, rifampicin. Increased ocular toxicity with concomitant tamoxifen. May potentiate digoxin, cyclosporine; monitor. May need to reduce dose of concomitant insulin or antidiabetic drugs. Increased seizure risk with other antimalarials (eg, mefloquine). May increase toxicity with methotrexate. May affect antiepileptics. May antagonize praziquantel, ampicillin. May be antagonized by antacids or kaolin; separate dosing by at least 4 hours.

Adverse Reactions:

Headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, visual disturbances, rash; cardiomyopathy, irreversible retinopathy, QT prolongation, myopathy, neuropathy, hypoglycemia (may be severe), severe skin reactions, hematologic toxicity, hemolytic anemia; rare: suicidal behavior.

Generic Drug Availability:

YES

How Supplied:

Tabs—60, 100

Pricing for PLAQUENIL

200mg tablet (Qty: 60)
Appx. price $29
GoodRx