• Corticosteroid-responsive disorders

Cortef Generic Name & Formulations

General Description

Hydrocortisone 5mg, 10mg, 20mg; tabs.

Pharmacological Class


How Supplied

Tabs 5mg—50; 10mg, 20mg—100; Solu-Cortef 100mg (2mL)—1, 25; 250mg (2mL)—1, 25; 500mg (4mL), 1g (8mL)—1


Cortef Indications


Steroid-responsive disorders.

Cortef Dosage and Administration


See full labeling. Oral: initially 20–240mg daily. Parenteral: initially 100–500mg.


See full labeling. Oral: in single or divided doses. Replacement: 0.56mg/kg/day. Other indications: 2–8mg/kg/day. Parenteral: initially 0.56–8mg/kg/day in 3 or 4 divided doses.

Cortef Contraindications


Systemic mycoses. Live vaccination. Solu-Cortef: also premature infants (benzyl alcohol content), intrathecal administration, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (IM preparations).

Cortef Boxed Warnings

Not Applicable

Cortef Warnings/Precautions


Not for epidural use; serious neurologic events may occur. Concomitant systemic fungal infections, active ocular herpes simplex, cerebral malaria: not recommended. Latent or active amebiasis. Strongyloides infection. Tuberculosis. If exposed to chickenpox or measles, consider prophylactic passive immune therapy. Renal insufficiency. Recent MI. CHF. Hypertension. Thyroid disorder. Peptic ulcers. Diverticulitis. Intestinal anastomoses. Ulcerative colitis. Cirrhosis. Postmenopausal women (osteoporosis risk). Diabetes. Supplement with additional steroids in physiologic stress. Emotional instability. Psychotic tendencies. Myasthenia gravis. Avoid abrupt cessation. Alternate, intermittent or single-daily doses at 8AM minimize adrenal suppression. Monitor thyroid, weight, growth, fluid, electrolyte balance and intraocular pressure (w. therapy >6weeks). Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers.

Cortef Pharmacokinetics

See Literature

Cortef Interactions


Potentiated by ketoconazole, macrolides, cyclosporine, estrogens. Antagonized by CYP3A4 inducers (eg, barbiturates, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin), cholestyramine. May potentiate cyclosporine (seizure risk). May antagonize anticoagulants (monitor), isoniazid. Increased risk of arrhythmias with digitalis. May need to adjust dose of antidiabetic agents. Increased GI effects with aspirin, other NSAIDs. Caution with aspirin in hypoprothrombinemia. Monitor for hypokalemia with potassium-depleting drugs (eg, amphotericin B, diuretics). Concomitant neuromuscular blocking agents; increased risk of myopathy. Withdraw anticholinesterase agents at least 24hrs before initiating corticosteroid therapy. Aminoglutethimide may lead to loss of corticosteroid-induced adrenal suppression. May suppress reactions to skin tests.

Cortef Adverse Reactions

Adverse Reactions

HPA axis suppression, masks infection, increased susceptibility to infection, glaucoma, cataracts, secondary infections, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypernatremia, hypertension, psychic disorders, myopathy, osteoporosis, peptic ulcer, dermal atrophy, increased intracranial pressure, carbohydrate intolerance, Kaposi's sarcoma, pheochromocytoma crisis.

Cortef Clinical Trials

See Literature

Cortef Note

Not Applicable

Cortef Patient Counseling

See Literature