Women are more likely to be symptomatic, have greater odds of frequent, severe acute exacerbations.
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension experienced a significant improvement in World Health Organization Functional Class when transitioned from a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor to riociguat.
The cardiopulmonary reserve index is an effective predictor of prognosis in patients with pulmonary hypertension, particularly when pulmonary hypertension is caused by left heart disease.
Compared with standard of care tests and most clinical signs, the molecular bacterial load assay demonstrated higher sensitivity and more rapid turnaround times for monitoring tuberculosis treatment.
Performing therapeutic bronchoscopy at the time of intensive care unit admission may decrease ventilator-associated pneumonia incidence in patients with level I trauma.
Combination treatment with ambrisentan and tadalafil is associated with a reduced mortality risk profile in patients with scleroderma-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Positive results with respect to the presence of latent tuberculosis infection in patients with renal failure were more consistent with the use of QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus testing compared with the use of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube testing.
Umeclidinium improved all lung function measures compared with salmeterol in patients with COPD who were naive to maintenance therapy or who were treated with a single maintenance bronchodilator.
Use of the dry powder formulation of treprostinil, known as LIQ861, has demonstrated safety and tolerability in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension beyond 2 weeks.
In patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, factors that affect prognosis but not treatment response included age, gender, and connective tissue disease-PAH etiology.
When used as needed, the combination of budesonide-formoterol was found to be superior to albuterol for the prevention of asthma exacerbations in patients with mild asthma.
Based on the 2016 International Working Group (IWG) diagnostic criteria for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), outcomes are relatively similar between patients with IPF with pneumonia and patients with an acute IPF exacerbation.
Patients with COPD who have the most severe airflow obstructions according to the GOLD strategy document had more exacerbations than those with less severe obstructions, and were more likely to be treated with both systemic corticosteroids and antibiotics.
Researchers examined whether obesity is a factor in the mortality of patients with acute respiratory failure that requires intubation.
Benralizumab has been found to be associated with a reduction in oral corticosteroid (OCS) use while maintaining asthma control for patients with OCS-dependent severe asthma.