Early language exposure predictive of language skills and IQ in school children

September 10, 2018

Language-based interactions between children 18 to 24 months of age and adults predicted intelligence quotient (IQ), verbal comprehension, and expressive and receptive language skills at 9 to 13 years old.

Designer opioid receptor agonist provides pain relief without side effects

September 08, 2018

Mu opioid peptide (MOP) receptor agonists provide effective pain relief, but are associated with severe side effects such as respiratory depression, opioid-induced hyperalgesia, dependence, and abuse.

Cost a key consideration of WHO guidelines for diabetes treatment intensification

September 06, 2018

WHO guidelines recommend selecting sulfonylureas as the single best second-line agent for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients.

Despite guidelines, use of CT for head trauma in children remains unchanged

September 05, 2018

The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) published clinical prediction rules in 2009 to identify children with head trauma for whom computed tomography (CT) neuroimaging can be avoided.

Clinical guidelines may lead to better prescribing practices

August 30, 2018

Following clinical guidelines release, decreases were observed in the overall rate of opioid prescribing. 2. Guidelines may be associated with reduced high-dosage opioid prescriptions and the percentage of patients with overlapping benzodiazepine and opioid prescriptions.

Transcranial direct current stimulation linked to improved naming post-stroke

August 30, 2018

In this randomized trial of patients with aphasia, use of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (A-tDCS) demonstrated improved object naming compared to sham procedure.

E-cigarette use common, especially among younger adults and the LBGTQ community

August 28, 2018

Adults within the LBGTQ community more likely to use e-cigarettes. 2. Participants with chronic health conditions and current combustible cigarette smokers also had higher rates of e-cigarette use.

One in 7 US adults used marijuana in 2017

August 28, 2018

Adults aged 18 to 34 had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared to all other age groups.

Optimization of cardiovascular health metrics linked to better cerebrovascular structure and function

August 27, 2018

In this cross-sectional study, young adults with a greater number of modifiable cardiovascular (CV) risk factors at recommended levels was associated with higher cerebral vessel density and caliber and higher cerebral blood flow.

Clinical report provides guidance on marijuana use in pregnancy and lactation

August 27, 2018

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published a clinical report that examines the established and emerging data surrounding marijuana use in pregnancy, and provided guidelines for clinicians based on current consensus.