The Evolution of L.E.S.S. Cholecystectomy without General Anesthesia

Doctors and scientists at the University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, FL, describe the prospective study they enrolled 20 patients in as they developed their method for Laparo-Endoscopic Single Site (LESS) cholecystectomy without general anesthesia. The researchers demonstrate their rapid progress toward an optimal procedure appropriate for widespread adoption.