Varenicline Efficacy Evaluated in Nicotine Dependent Adolescents

By March 23, 2018

Adverse events observed among adolescent smokers in the study were comparable to those seen in adult studies.

E-Cigarette Use: More Harm Than Benefit?

March 15, 2018

Estimated 168,000 never-smoking young people could become daily smokers after starting e-cigs

Study Finds Heat-Not-Burn 'Smokeless Cigarettes' Release Toxic Chemical

March 14, 2018

"This study has shown that the iQOS system may not be as harm-free as claimed and also emphasizes the urgent need for further safety testing as the popularity and user base of this product is growing rapidly," the authors write.

Does Marijuana Use Impact Kidney Function?

March 09, 2018

Researchers compared current and past marijuana use to never users

Pediatric Airflow Obstruction and Tobacco Smoke Exposure: Is There a Link?

March 09, 2018

Serum cotinine level was not significantly associated with airflow obstruction in the multivariate analysis with both exposures included as covariates (adjusted odds ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 0.94 to 1.21); there was no correlation in children with asthma or those without asthma.

One Year On: Assessing the Effects of a Menthol Cigarette Ban

March 06, 2018

The researchers found that before the ban, 59.7% of menthol smokers said that they would switch to or only use nonmenthol cigarettes; at follow-up, only 28.2% had done so.

Study Reveals High Excretion of Carcinogenic Metabolites Among Teen E-Smokers

March 05, 2018

The researchers found that, compared with e-cigarette-only users, dual users had significantly higher urine excretion of metabolites of benzene, ethylene oxide, acrylonitrile, acrolein, and acrylamide (all P<0.05).

CDC Breaks Down Figures for Smoking Prevalence During Pregnancy

February 28, 2018

The researchers found that 7.2% of women who gave birth in 2016 smoked cigarettes during pregnancy. The prevalence of smoking was highest for women aged 20 to 24 years, followed by those aged 15 to 19 and 25 to 29 years.

Have Medical Marijuana Laws Led to Increased Use in Teens?

February 28, 2018

The researchers found that none of the 11 studies included in the meta-analysis found significant estimates of pre-post MML changes in marijuana use prevalence among adolescents compared with changes in non-MML states over the same time period.

Most E-Cigarette Aerosol Concentrations Exceed Current Toxic Metal Limits

February 27, 2018

The researchers found that median metal concentrations were higher in samples from the aerosol and tank, compared to the dispenser (all P<0:001), for aluminum, chromium, nickel, lead, and zinc.

Death Risk Assessed With Contemporary Tobacco Product Use

By February 21, 2018

For current non-daily cigarette smokers, there were statistically significant associations with death from lung cancer, oral cancer, circulatory death, cardiovascular death, cerebrovascular death (stroke), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Targeting Harm Perceptions Could Cut Teen E-Cigarette Use

February 12, 2018

Perceived harm from secondhand e-cigarette vapor showed similar patterns. Adolescents who use e-cigarettes are more likely to initiate using tobacco products than those who do not use e-cigarettes.

Do the Benefits of Smoking Cessation Tx Decrease Over Time?

By January 31, 2018

Benefits of smoking cessation medications decline over the first year.

How E-Cigarette Smoke May Damage DNA, Inhibit Repair

January 30, 2018

"These results indicate that nicotine nitrosation occurs in vivo in mice and that e-cigarette smoke is carcinogenic to the murine lung and bladder and harmful to the murine heart," the authors write.

Smokers Display Distorted Temporal Perception of Health Consequences

January 29, 2018

For both smokers and nonsmokers, the onset time estimates for mild conditions were associated with self-perceptions of risk and fear level of developing smoking-related conditions.

Study Examines Light Smoking Impact on Heart Disease, Stroke Risk

January 25, 2018

The researchers found that the pooled relative risk for coronary heart disease was 1.48 and 2.04, respectively, for smoking 1 and 20 cigarettes per day for men.

Smoking Prevalence in U.S. Didn't Significantly Change From 2015 to 2016

January 23, 2018

The researchers found that the prevalence of current cigarette smoking was 15.5% among adults in 2016, which marked a significant decline from 20.9% in 2005.

Noncigarette tobacco product use is associated with future cigarette smoking

January 04, 2018

Never-cigarette-smoking youths who initiated tobacco use with noncigarette products including e-cigarettes, hookahs, noncigarette combustible tobacco, or smokeless tobacco were more likely to smoke cigarettes in the following year than those who did not use noncigarette tobacco.

Are Pharmaceutical Aids for Smoking Cessation Effective?

January 02, 2018

No evidence that varenicline, bupropion, or nicotine replacement increase probability of abstinence

Higher Fruit Intake May Delay Lung Function Decline, Especially in Ex-Smokers

December 26, 2017

Apple, banana, tomato intake linked to slower decline in forced vital capacity in ex-smokers

Smoking Cessation Drug Linked to Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Events

By December 20, 2017

The researchers analyzed the medical records of 56,851 new users of varenicline.

CDC Report Examines Tobacco Use By Industry, Occupation

October 30, 2017

The researchers found that 22.1% of working adults currently used any form of tobacco; 15.4, 5.8, 3, and 3.6% used cigarettes, other combustible tobacco, smokeless tobacco, and electronic cigarettes, respectively

NY State Bans E-Cigarette Use Where Tobacco Smoking Is Prohibited

By October 24, 2017

Studies into the long-term health impact of e-cigarettes - which usually contain nicotine - are limited but of the studies that have been completed, there have been mixed results.

Smoking May Affect Genetic Link to Parkinson's Disease

October 24, 2017

"Our study provides the first evidence that smoking modifies the previously reported inverse association of rs660895-G with PD, and suggests that smoking and HLA-DRB1 are involved in common pathways, possibly related to neuroinflammation," conclude the authors.

Changing Marijuana Laws May Mean More Screening, Counseling Needed

October 10, 2017

In the changing legal environment, pediatric physicians must review their approach to screening for marijuana use and discussing the associated health consequences

Breath Sensor, App Combo Provide Novel Approach to Smoking Cessation

By October 06, 2017

The Carbon Monoxide Breath Sensor System (COBSS) informs the user how breath carbon monoxide levels are affected by their smoking behavior.

E-Cigarette Switch Strategy Linked to Fewer Premature Deaths

October 04, 2017

Under pessimistic model, 1.6 million premature deaths prevented, 20.8 million fewer life-years lost

Increase in Atrial Stiffness During First 30-Minutes of Post E-Cig Inhalation

September 12, 2017

The researchers found that during the first 30 minutes following e-cigarette inhalation with nicotine, there was a significant increase in blood pressure, heart rate and arterial stiffness.

Why the FDA's Novel Plan for Nicotine Is a Step in the Right Direction

August 23, 2017

To put the scourge of conventional cigarettes in context, smoking kills 15 times more Americans per year than opioids.

Few Hospitalized CHD Patients Receive Smoking Cessation Therapy

August 22, 2017

Overall, 22.7 percent received smoking cessation pharmacotherapy, most often the nicotine patch