Protamine sulfate Rx

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Protamine sulfate

Poisoning/overdose
Only 4 drugs may be compared at once

Generic Name and Formulations:

Protamine sulfate 10mg/mL; soln for inj; preservative-free.

Select therapeutic use:

Indications for Protamine sulfate:

Treatment of heparin overdose.

Adult:

Give by slow IV inj over 10 mins. Determine dose by coagulation studies; dose requirement decreases with time elapsed after heparin administration. 1mg neutralizes ≥100units of heparin; max 50mg/dose.

Children:

Not recommended.

Warnings/Precautions:

Avoid rapid administration. Fish allergy. Previous exposure to protamine (including insulin). Severe left ventricular dysfunction. Abnormal pulmonary hemodynamics. Previous vasectomy. Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers.

Interactions:

Incompatible with certain antibiotics (eg, cephalosporins, penicillins).

Pharmacological Class:

Heparin antagonist.

Adverse Reactions:

Hypotension, bradycardia, transient flushing, feeling of warmth, dyspnea, GI upset, lassitude, pulmonary edema, anaphylaxis, cardiovascular collapse, pulmonary vasoconstriction, pulmonary hypertension.

How Supplied:

Vial (5mL)—25; 25mL—1