These Antibiotics Were Found to Increase Miscarriage Risk

In general, an increased risk of spontaneous abortion was seen with the use of macrolides (except erythromycin), quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides, and metronidazole during early pregnancy.

Artificial 'Womb' Could Potentially Up Survival of Extremely Premature Infants

Five lamb fetuses of 105 to 108 days of gestation were run for 25-28 days, and three fetuses of 115 to 120 days of gestation were run for 20-28 days.

Does Prenatal Antidepressant Exposure Up Risk of ADHD, Autism?

Autism spectrum disorder was diagnosed by age 15 in 5.28% of exposed vs. 2.14% of unexposed babies; 12.63% of exposed vs. 5.46% of unexposed babies were diagnosed with ADHD by age 15.

Early Hot Flashes May Indicate Presence of Comorbidities

The researchers found the associations of hot flashes to be independent of other cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Prenatal Progesterone Exposure May Affect Offspring Sexual Orientation

"The findings highlight the likelihood that prenatal exposure to progesterone may have a long-term influence on behavior related to sexuality in humans," said lead researcher June Reinisch, Director Emerita of The Kinsey Institute.

Bio-Identical Combo Therapy Promising for Vasomotor Symptoms of Menopause

TherapeuticsMD announced positive data for its investigational hormone therapy, TX-001HR, for the treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms (VMS) due to menopause. Study findings were presented at the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, ENDO 2017.

Is Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine During Pregnancy Safe?

Information on vaccination, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and potential confounders were assessed for links in a cohort of women in Denmark.

Mini Personalized Reproductive System Called 'Revolutionary'

What makes the technology ground-breaking is how it creates a dynamic culture in which organs communicate with each other as opposed to being static in a dish.

Vit D Levels May Correlate With Overall Survival in Breast CA

The researchers found that the overall survival was strongest among premenopausal women in the highest 25OHD tertile group.

New Guideline on Hypothalamic Amenorrhea Released

Hypothalamic amenorrhea occurs when the hypothalamus slows or stops releasing GnRH, a hormone that controls the menstrual cycle. It can increase the risk of other health issues such as delayed puberty in adolescents and infertility in female adults.

Single-Dose Treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis Under Priority Review

The FDA has accepted and granted Priority Review to the New Drug Application (NDA) of Solosec (secnidazole oral granules; Symbiomix) for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV).

Does Prenatal DHA Have an Impact on Offspring IQ?

Sales of prenatal supplements with DHA continue to rise, however little evidence exists on whether supplementation imparts a benefit on offspring neurodevelopment.

New Review Makes the Case for OTC Oral Contraceptives

Researchers stated that there is a need for improved contraceptive access for teens, as proven by the increase in use of hormonal emergency contraceptives after the FDA approved the OTC availability under Plan B in 2012.

U.S. Patients Lack Awareness of Less Invasive Options for Fibroids

Embolization for uterine fibroids may be underused in U.S. hospitals, compared with surgery, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Interventional Radiology, held from March April 4 to 9 in Washington, D.C.

Study Investigates Transfer of TNFi Therapy to Breast Milk

A study which assessed concentrations of certolizumab pegol (Cimzia; UCB) in human breast milk found that minimal to no transfer of drug from plasma to breast milk occurs.

Ondansetron Use Increasing Among Pregnant Women

Findings from a new study published in the journal Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety indicate an increase in ondansetron use for the management of nausea among pregnant women from <1% in 2001 to 22.2% in 2014

Hormone Therapy and Alzheimer's Disease: What's the Link?

Researchers found that their evidence showed no protective association between postmenopausal HT use and AD or dementia, although they observed a reduced AD risk among those with long-term self-reported HT use.

U.S. Survival Rates Assessed for Periviable Infants

The investigators found that overall survival of periviable infants rose from 30% at the start of the research to 36% in the last time period

How Long Does Zika Virus Stay in the Body?

Even though Zika virus was found to linger for 3 months in semen, scientists say recommendations urging abstinence, condoms for 6 months after infection should still be followed.

FDA Approves Liquid Formulation of Levothyroxine

The FDA have approved Tirosint-SOL, a liquid form of levothyroxine; a synthetic form of the thyroid hormone thyroxine.

Can Glucose Supplementation Shorten Labor in Induced Women?

A study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology reports that the total length of induced labor may be reduced with the use of glucose supplementation.

Certain Pain Meds May Have Significant Endocrinologic Effects

Chronic pain patients being treated with certain opioid and non-opioid medications had significantly lower serum concentrations of free testosterone (fTe) and free estradiol (fE2), highlighting the potential endocrinologic side effects of these drugs. These were the findings of a new study published in the journal Drug Testing and Analysis.

Safety, Efficacy of Fecal Transplant for C. difficile During Pregnancy

A fecal microbiota transplant through colonoscopy appears to be safe for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection during pregnancy, according to a case report published in the March issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Exposure to Common Plastic Compound May Increase Offspring Obesity Risk

Prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) may raise a child's risk of obesity by altering hypothalamic circuits that regulate feeding behavior and energy balance, according to an experimental study published online Feb. 7 in Endocrinology.

Contraceptive, AED Choice May Impact Unintended Pregnancy Rate in Epilepsy

In a study of female patients with epilepsy, retrospective data found that unintended pregnancy was common and varied by contraceptive type and antiepileptic drug (AED) stratification. Full findings are published in Neurology.

Preconception-Initiated Aspirin May Prevent Pregnancy Loss in Certain Women

According to a new study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, preconception-initiated low-dose aspirin may help prevent pregnancy loss in women with high levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) who have previously lost a pregnancy.

Adverse Events Assessed With Endoscopy During Pregnancy

Endoscopy during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of preterm birth or small for gestational age, according to a study published in the February issue of Gastroenterology.

FDA Approves Screening System that Detects Metabolic Disorders in Newborns

The Food and Drug Administration has approved the marketing of the Seeker System (Baebies, Inc.) for the screening of four rare lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) in newborns.

Herb, Supplement Use Up Among Pregnant Women

From 2002 to 2012 there was an increase in herb and supplement use among pregnant women, according to a research letter published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Should Licorice Consumption During Pregnancy Be Avoided?

Licorice consumption during pregnancy has been linked to lower IQ, poorer memory, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-type problems in offspring.

Outcomes Examined for Azithromycin Administered in Labor

Administration of azithromycin during labor is associated with a reduction in maternal and neonatal clinical infections, according to a study published online January 27 in Pediatrics.

Can New Initiatives Cut NTSV Cesarean Rates and Be Safe?

Quality improvement initiatives, including provider education and feedback, can reduce the nulliparous term singleton vertex (NTSV) cesarean delivery rate, according to a study published in the February issue of The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

Postpartum Depression and Synthetic Oxytocin: What's the Link?

Peripartum exposure to synthetic oxytocin may increase the risk of postpartum depression or anxiety disorders. These are the findings of a new study published in the journal, Depression and Anxiety.

Can Limiting Weight Gain During Pregnancy Lower Complication Risk in Obese?

Strategies to help overweight or obese women limit their weight gain during pregnancy don't seem to alleviate the risk for obstetric complications, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, The Pregnancy Meeting.

Safety of Subclinical Hypothyroid Tx During Pregnancy Questioned

Treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy may not always be the best option, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in The BMJ.

Parents of Congenital Heart Disease Children ID Most Important Measures

Parents of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) feel that survival statistics, surgeon-specific experience, and complication rates are the most important outcome measures for public reporting, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons, held from January 21 to 25 in Houston.

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Postpartum Depression: What's The Link?

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may increase a first-time mother's risk of postpartum depression, and a history of maternal depression along with GDM further increases that risk, according to a study published online in Depression and Anxiety.

Hormone ID'd as Predictor of Menopause in Women With HIV

For HIV-infected women, anti-müllerian hormone is associated with age of menopause onset, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Can MRI at Birth Help Determine Brain Injury in Preemies?

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shortly after birth might help determine which premature babies have sustained a brain injury that will affect their development, according to a study published online in Neurology.

FDA to Review Potential Single-Dose Therapy for Bacterial Vaginosis

Symbiomix announced the submission of a New Drug Application (NDA) to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Solosec (secnidazole oral granules) for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV).

Oxytocin Treatment Assessed in Infants with Prader-Willi Syndrome

For infants with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), oxytocin (OXT) administration is associated with improvement in feeding and social skills, according to a study published online January 18 in Pediatrics.

Oral Therapy for Uterine Fibroids Demonstrates Efficacy in Study

Allergan and Gedeon Richter announced positive results from the second Phase 3 trial of ulipristal acetate, evaluating its efficacy and safety for the treatment of abnormal bleeding due to uterine fibroids in women.

Efficacy of Antiplatelets Assessed for Spontaneous Preterm Birth Risk

Among women at risk for preeclampsia, antiplatelet agents reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 and less than 34 weeks of gestation, according to a meta-analysis published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Preterm Risk Up For Subsequent Births After Pregnancy Termination

A short interpregnancy interval after termination of pregnancy is associated with increased risk of preterm birth in subsequent birth, according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Initiative Results in Reduced Milk Admin Errors in Neonatal Units

A quality improvement initiative can reduce the number of human milk administration errors in the neonatal intensive care unit, according to a study published online in Pediatrics.

USPSTF Reaffirms Stance on Folic Acid in Preventing Birth Defects

In a recommendation statement published in the Jan. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) reaffirms that folic acid supplements reduce the risk of neural tube defects.

Female Sexual Disorder Drug Appears Effective in Two Phase 3 Studies

AMAG pharmaceuticals and Palatin Technologies have entered into an agreement for the exclusive North American rights to develop and commercialize Rekynda (bremelanotide), an investigational drug to treat hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD).

Is Heartburn Med Use During Pregnancy Tied to Child's Asthma Risk?

Use of acid suppressing agents during pregnancy may increase the risk of asthma in the offspring, according to a study published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

ATA: Guidelines on Thyroid Disease Management During Pregnancy, Postpartum

The American Thyroid Association (ATA) has released new evidence-based recommendations to guide clinicians in diagnosing and managing thyroid disease during pregnancy and the postpartum period.

Questions Raised Concerning Efficacy of Morning Sickness Drug

Pyridoxine-doxylamine (Diclectin), used to manage the nausea and vomiting associated with morning sickness, may not be as effective as once believed, according to a new analysis published online in PLOS One.

Letrozole vs. Aspirin in Decreasing Severity of Ovarian Hyperstimulation

For high-risk women, letrozole is more effective than aspirin for decreasing the incidence of moderate and severe early-onset ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

FDA to Review Liletta Use for Up to 4 Years

Allergan and Medicines360 announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for filing the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for Liletta (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system).

Top 10 Most Costly Conditions in the U.S. Announced in New Report

The highest amounts of spending were seen with these 10 conditions.

Labeling Updated for IUDs Regarding Perforation Risk

Data from a large, 1-year postmarketing safety study conducted in Europe found that lactation at the time of insertion of an IUD/IUS was associated with an increased risk of perforation.

Suppression of HSV-2 Shedding Compared for Pritelivir, Valacyclovir

Data from a randomized, double-blind clinical study found that the use of pritelivir led to a lower percentage of swabs with herpes simplex virus (HSV) detection over 28 days vs. valacyclovir. Full findings from the study are published in JAMA.

Hormonal Contraceptive Safety Investigated in Women with Diabetes

In a study published in Diabetes Care, researchers reported that the absolute risk of thromboembolism among women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes using hormonal contraceptives was low.

Endometrial Microbiota Variation May Affect IVF Success Rate

The presence of a non-Lactobacillus-dominated microbiota in a receptive endometrium is associated with poor reproductive outcomes for women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).

FDA: New Warning for Anesthetic/Sedative Use in Children, Pregnant Women

Since 1999, the FDA has been evaluating the potential adverse effects of general anesthetics and sedatives on children's brain development.

Flu Vaccination During Pregnancy 'Still Falls Short' of Recommendations

Data from the Birth Defects Study found that influenza vaccination coverage rose during the 2012-13 and 2013-14 season from 35% to 41%, respectively.

CDC Announces 7 U.S. Public Health Priorities

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued the final report on the Winnable Battles program which highlights public health priorities with large-scale impact on health and strategies that may help to address them.

Impact of Anti-TNF-Alpha Drugs on Pregnancy-Related Outcomes

Women with immune-mediated diseases receiving anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha agents had significantly higher risks of preterm birth, spontaneous abortion, and low birth weight vs. the general population, a study published in the Journal of Autoimmunity found.

Weight Gain Concerns May Impact Birth Control Choice

Concerns about gaining weight may impact contraception choices for women.

FDA Approves Intrarosa for the Treatment of Dyspareunia

The FDA has approved Intrarosa (prasterone; Endoceutics) for the treatment of women experiencing moderate to severe dyspareunia, a symptom of vulvar and vaginal atrophy, due to menopause.

FDA: New Warnings for Permanent Birth Control Device

The labeling now includes a new Boxed Warning and a Patient Decision Checklist.

FDA Approves Bonjesta for Pregnancy-Related Nausea and Vomiting

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Bonjesta (doxylamine succinate and pyridoxine HCl extended-release tablets; Duchesnay), a fixed-dose combination drug product for the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy in women who do not respond to conservative management.

​Allergan Launches First COC Softgel Capsule

Allergan announced the availability of Taytulla (norethindrone acetate and ethinyl estradiol capsules and ferrous fumarate capsules) 1mg/20mcg, the first oral contraceptive in a softgel capsule for the prevention of pregnancy.

Does Fracture Risk Go Up After Stopping Hormone Therapy?

For women who are former hormone therapy users, risk of fracture is not increased after discontinuing therapy, according to a study published in the The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Positive Results for On-Demand Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Drug

Palatin has announced positive top-line results from the Phase 3 clinical trial of bremelanotide (a melanocortin 4 receptor agonist), an investigational treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD).

New Molecular Test Cleared to Detect Vaginitis Causes

BD announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted marketing clearance for BD MAX Vaginal Panel to detect the most common causes for vaginitis.

Recall of Estrogen Tabs Announced

Pfizer announced a voluntary recall of one lot of Premarin (conjugated estrogens) 1.25mg tablets due to an incorrect expiration date applied to the bottle label.

Contraceptive Patch vs. Pill: Thrombosis Risk Explored

A new study published online in the journal Contraception examines whether the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and arterial thromboembolism (ATE) is increased in women using non-oral combined hormonal contraceptives compared to women using combined oral contraceptives (COC).

Positive Results for Elagolix in Two Endometriosis Studies

AbbVie has announced positive results from two replicate Phase 3 clinical trials of Elagolix in premenopausal women with endometriosis.

Menest Dosage Strength Discontinued

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reports the discontinuation of Menest (esterified estrogens; Pfizer) 2.5mg tablets.

Antenatal SSRI Use Linked to Speech/Language Disorders in Offspring

A new study of over 56,000 women found that those who purchased antidepressants at least twice during pregnancy had a 37% increased risk of speech and/or language disorder in their offspring compared to mothers who were not treated with antidepressants.

Birth Control Pills Recalled Due to Reduced Ethinyl Estradiol Levels

Par announced a voluntary recall of certain lots of Gildess, Gildess FE, and Gildess 24 FE products.

Progestin-Containing IUD Appears Safe for Women with Epilepsy

Progestin-containing intrauterine device (IUD) was deemed safe and acceptable as a long-acting contraceptive for women with epilepsy, a study published in Epilepsia has found.

OTC Emergency Contraceptives: Barriers Still Exist

As regulatory status of levonorgestrel emergency contraception has changed over the years, there has been increased confusion about how emergency contraception can be sold.

Preeclampsia Risk Linked to Binding Protein 4 in T1DM

For women with type 1 diabetes, elevated fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) in early pregnancy and in the second trimester is associated with subsequent preeclampsia, according to a study published online September 14 in Diabetes Care.

Investigational Estradiol for Dyspareunia Under FDA Review

The FDA has accepted for review the New Drug Application (NDA) for Yuvvexy (17β-estradiol; TherapeuticsMD) for the treatment of moderate-to-severe vaginal pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia), a symptom of vulvar vaginal atrophy (VVA) in postmenopausal women.

New Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Approved

Bayer announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Kyleena (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) for the prevention of pregnancy for up to 5 years.

Progesterone May Help Prevent Postpartum Smoking Relapse

Data from a pilot randomized trial published in Nicotine & Tobacco Research showed that administering exogenous progesterone may potentially prevent postpartum smoking relapse.

FDA: Clinicians May Be Misled by Ovarian Screening Test Claims

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a safety alert regarding the use of screening tests for ovarian cancer screening.

Oral Contraceptives May Be the Main Reason for Ovarian Cancer Drop

Ovarian cancer mortality is down dramatically in many parts of the world, and the use of oral contraceptives (OCs) may be a main reason why, according to a study published online in the Annals of Oncology.

Investigational Postpartum Depression Drug Gets Breakthrough Status

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to SAGE-547 (Sage Therapeutics) for the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD).

CDC: Only Half of Mothers Breastfeed for Recommended Duration

Even though most new mothers in the United States begin breastfeeding their infants at birth, many stop sooner than recommended, according to the 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Vaginal Progesterone vs. 17-OHPC for Prevention of Spontaneous Preterm Birth

Daily vaginal progesterone initiated at 16 weeks was a reasonable alternative to weekly 17-alpha-hydroxy-progesterone caproate (17-OHPC) for the prevention of spontaneous preterm birth in women with singleton gestations and prior spontaneous preterm birth, a systematic review in Obstetrics & Gynecology reported.

Does Higher BMI Affect Hormonal Contraceptive Efficacy?

A review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews generally found no association between higher body mass index (BMI) or weight and hormonal contraceptive efficacy.

Preterm Infants Can Acquire Monogenic Forms of Diabetes

Monogenic forms of diabetes can occur in preterm infants, according to a study published online in Pediatrics.

Antipsychotics and Congenital Malformations: Is There a Link?

Use of antipsychotics (APs) in pregnancy does not appear to increase the risk for congenital malformations, according to a study published online in JAMA Psychiatry.

No Association Found in Preterm Twin Survival and Antenatal Steroid Use

Antenatal administration of corticosteroids is not associated with a reduction in the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm twins, according to research published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

More Genetic Disorders May Be ID'd With Expanded Carrier Screening

Compared with current recommendations from professional societies, expanded carrier screening may increase the detection of carrier status for potentially serious genetic conditions, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

High Specificity, Low Sensitivity in Onsite Tests for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

Onsite tests have high specificity for detecting asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women, but sensitivity is lower, according to a review published in the September issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

High Levels of Clinical Depression Often Ignored in Infertility Patients

Patients undergoing fertility treatment often suffer symptoms of depression or anxiety, but few get any formal help, according to research published in Fertility and Sterility.

New Guidelines for Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

An expert panel has proposed clinical guidelines for diagnosing fetal alcohol syndrome disorder (FASD), expanding upon the first guidelines from 2005 that helped distinguish the four subtypes of FASD.

Risk of Vitamin D Drop After Stopping Certain Contraceptives, Study Finds

Researchers from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in Research reported that women risk having their vitamin D levels drop when they cease using contraceptives containing estrogen.

Soy Isoflavones May Benefit Patients with PCOS

Consuming soy isoflavones may improve cardiovascular and metabolic health in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), results from a new study in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism has found.

Study Finds Vaginal Mesh Complications Tied to Proinflammatory Response

Women with vaginal mesh with complications have a significantly increased proinflammatory response, according to a study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Prometrium Capsules Now Available

Virtus has announced the launch of Prometrium (progesterone USP capsule).

CDC Updates Contraceptive Recommendations Relating to Emergency Contraception, IUD Insertion

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released an update to the 2013 U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use guideline after review of scientific data and expert consultation.

ACOG: Immediate Postpartum LARC Should Be Incorporated into Practice

Obstetrician-gynecologists should counsel pregnant women about use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), such as implants and intrauterine devices (IUDs), immediately after they give birth, according to an American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion published in Obstetrics & Gynecology.