Non-Ob-Gyns Deliver ~14 Percent of Routine Prenatal Care

Non-Ob-Gyn providers delivered one out of every seven routine prenatal care visits in the United States in 2009-2010.

Lower HPV Uptake for Women in UK Sexual Health Services

For young women attending sexual health services in England, HPV vaccination uptake and completion rates are lower than national data.

Haemophilus Influenzae Infection Up in Pregnancy

The incidence of Haemophilus influenzae infection is increased during pregnancy, and infection correlates with poor pregnancy outcomes.

Nicotine Patches Effective for Pregnant Smokers?

Use of nicotine patches, compared with placebo patches, does not increase the smoking cessation rate among pregnant women.

Gestational Diabetes Ups Risk of Early Atherosclerosis

Among women who have not developed diabetes or metabolic syndrome, a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may be a marker for early atherosclerosis.

FDA Panel Recommends HPV Test As Replacement for Pap

A U.S. FDA advisory panel voted unanimously on Wednesday that a new HPV test could be used before or instead of the Pap smear as a first step in cervical cancer screening

Research Supports Alcohol Abstinence Advice Pre-Conception

Women who consume alcohol before pregnancy and during the first two trimesters are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes.

FDA Experts Debate Timing of Pap Test

A U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory panel is considering whether to delay the Pap test and use an human papillomavirus (HPV) test as a first step in cervical cancer screening.

Low Birth Weight, SGA Linked to Female Fertility

For women born with low birth weight or small for gestational age, the odds of female-related infertility are increased.

Fewer Failures With Vaginal Mesh Repair in Prolapse With Avulsion

For women with vaginal prolapse after hysterectomy and levator ani avulsion, Prolift Total is associated with a lower anatomical failure rate than unilateral vaginal sacrospinous colpopexy with native tissue vaginal repair (sacrospinous fixation).

Transvaginal Approaches for Vaginal Prolapse

For women undergoing surgery for vaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence, outcomes for two common transvaginal approaches are comparable, and perioperative behavioral therapy with pelvic floor muscle training does not improve surgical outcomes

Diets May Cut Preterm Delivery Risk

Following a "prudent" or "traditional" diet is associated with a reduced risk of preterm delivery.

Yoga May Improve Menopausal Quality of Life

Yoga may improve menopause-related quality of life (QOL) in women with vasomotor symptoms.

Frameshift Mutation Identified in Premature Ovarian Failure

A frameshift mutation in a gene encoding a cohesin subunit has been identified in a large consanguineous family with premature ovarian failure.

HPV Vaccine Protects Against Cervical Abnormalities

The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is effective at protecting against cervical abnormalities in young women.

Globulin Tied to Gestational Diabetes Risk

Low prepregnancy sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations correlate with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus.

CDC: Trends in Out-of-Hospital Births

The percentage of out-of-hospital births is continuing to increase, and in 2012 these births had a lower risk profile than hospital births.

Ordering Procedures Change Postpartum Pertussis Vaccination Rates

Changing in-hospital ordering procedures increases the postpartum pertussis vaccination rate to 69%.

Smoking, Smoke Exposure Impact Pregnancy Outcomes

Women who were ever smokers during their reproductive years and those never-smoking women with the highest levels of secondhand smoke exposure have significantly increased odds for spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, and tubal ectopic pregnancy.

Hormonal Contraceptives May Increase MS Risk

Use of hormonal contraceptives may be contributing to the increasing incidence of MS in women.

Fertility Concerns for Young Women With Breast CA

Fertility concerns are common among young women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, although only a minority pursue fertility preservation strategies.

Prenatal DNA Test Bests Standard Screening in General Population

Maternal plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) sequencing for trisomies 18 and 21 gives 5-10 fold higher positive predictive values than standard aneuploidy screening.

In-Hospital Formula Impacts Breastfeeding

Use of supplementation with in-hospital formula shortens the duration of breastfeeding among first-time mothers who intend to breastfeed exclusively

Hysterectomy, Ovary Removal Linked to Diabetes

Postmenopausal women are at higher risk of developing diabetes if they have both a hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy.

HPV Vaccination Impacts Lesion Risk

Vaccination with the quadrivalent HPV vaccine is associated with reduced risk of atypia or worse (atypia+) or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or 3 (CIN2/3).

Fever During Pregnancy Associated With Birth Defects

Fever during pregnancy is associated with adverse health outcomes for the offspring.

Preventive Pediatric Health Care Recommendations Updated

Recommendations for preventive pediatric health care have been updated, according to an American Association of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement.

Obstetricians Target Primary Cesarean Delivery Rate

Primary cesarean delivery rates can be safely reduced by implementing various interventions, according to an ACOG consensus statement.

Intensive Dialysis Improves Pregnancy Outcomes

For women with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), intensive hemodialysis is associated with improved pregnancy outcomes.

Total Vaginal Hysterectomy Generates Net Hospital Income

Compared with total vaginal hysterectomy (TVH), hospital costs are greater with laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH), and robotic hysterectomy (RH).

Prenatal Vitamin A Deficiency May Contribute to Asthma

Early fetal retinoic acid (RA) deficiency is associated with altered airway smooth muscle phenotype, with RA restricting airway smooth muscle differentiation.

Women and Opioid Rx During Pregnancy

Opioids are fairly commonly dispensed during pregnancy, with 14.4% of women dispensed an opioid at some point during pregnancy.

Research Supports Dangers of Drinking in Early Pregnancy

Drinking moderate to large amounts of alcohol early in pregnancy may damage the placenta and reduce the amount of taurine delivered to the fetus from the mother.

Paper Gestational Age Wheels Generally Inaccurate

Paper wheels are inaccurate for estimating date of confinement, according to a recent study.

Genes, Smoking Tied to Early Menopause in Whites

Women of European descent are at greater risk of entering menopause early if they smoke and carry particular gene variants.

Moderate Physical Activity Cuts Stroke Risk in Women

For women, moderate to strenuous physical activity is associated with a decreased risk of stroke, even among those using postmenopausal hormone therapy.

Stellate Ganglion Blockade Cuts Menopause Symptoms

For postmenopausal women, stellate ganglion blockade (SGB) significantly reduces objective measures of vasomotor symptoms (VMS).

Many Women Do Not Attend Post-Delivery Follow-Up Visits

Many women do not attend recommended follow-up primary care visits after delivering a child.

Postpartum Thrombosis Risk Lasts for at Least 12 Weeks

For postpartum women, the risk of thrombosis is elevated for at least 12 weeks after delivery.

Gestational Age Inversely Linked to Insulin Levels at Birth

Gestational age is inversely associated with insulin levels at birth, according to a study recently published.

Fertility Rates About Three Times Higher in Mentally Ill Teens

Adolescent girls with major mental illness have nearly three-fold increased age-specific fertility rates, compared with unaffected girls.

Talking to Preemies in NICU Benefits Cognition, Language

For preterm infants, adult word count in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) correlates positively with cognitive and language development.

HPV Vaccines Don't Change Behaviors in Young Women

Young women do not engage in riskier sexual behaviors following human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination regardless of their risk perceptions.

Study Quantifies Epidural-Linked Increase in 2nd Stage of Labor

The second stage of labor is significantly longer for both nulliparous and multiparous women receiving an epidural.

NSAID Exposure Not Linked to Risk of Spontaneous Abortion

Fetal nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) exposure is not an independent risk factor for spontaneous abortion.

IVF and Genetic Testing Used to Avoid Prion Disease

In vitro fertilization (IVF) and genetic testing have been used to allow a woman with a family history of a prion disease to have healthy twins lacking the mutation.

Increased Neonatal Mortality Rates for Home Births

Despite a higher neonatal mortality rate, home births have increased over the past decade, and the increased risk is associated with the location of a planned birth, rather than the credentials of the person delivering the baby.

Major Congenital Anomaly Risk Down for Older Moms

Advanced maternal age is associated with decreased risk for major fetal congenital anomalies.

Postmenopausal Hormone Rx May Cut Risk for Glaucoma

Use of estrogen-only postmenopausal hormone (PMH) treatment may help reduce the risk for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

Preterm Birth Tied to Increased Risk of Childhood Wheeze

Preterm birth, especially very preterm birth, is associated with an increased risk of childhood wheezing disorders.

High Estradiol Levels Linked to Dementia in Women

Postmenopausal women with high estradiol levels have a two-fold higher risk of developing dementia, but the risk is 14-fold higher if they also have diabetes.

Fear of Violence Hinders Women's Attempts at Safer Sex

Women who fear intimate partner violence (IPV) report inconsistent condom use and difficulty in negotiating safer sex.

Hormone Therapy Linked to Arthroplasty Revision

Hormone replacement therapy use (HRT) is associated with a reduction in revision rates for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Postpartum Depression Often Becomes Chronic

Postpartum depression can become chronic in 30 to 50 percent of women with the condition.

CDC: Cesarean Section Rate Declining in the United States

Cesarean section rate increased then decreased between 2006 and 2012.

CDC: Use of Infertility Services Declining in the United States

Anjani Chandra, PhD, and colleagues, analyzed data on the use of infertility services from 22,682 interviews with men and women.

Higher Omega-3 Levels Linked to Larger Brain Volume

A higher omega-3 index is associated with increased brain and hippocampal volume eight years later in postmenopausal women.

USPSTF Recommends GDM Screening After 24 Weeks

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening asymptomatic pregnant women for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) after 24 weeks of gestation.

Risk Factors Identified for Incidence of Vulvodynia

The incidence of vulvodynia varies with age, ethnicity, and marital status, and is associated with previous symptoms or intermediate symptoms not meeting criteria for vulvodynia.

Breastfeeding Linked to Reduced RA Risk in Chinese Women

For women from South China, breastfeeding is associated with reduced risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially a longer duration of breastfeeding.

Conventional Vs. Intensive T1DM Tx Not Tied to Menopause

For women with type 1 diabetes, intensive vs. conventional treatment is not associated with menopause risk, although greater insulin dose is associated with lower natural menopause risk.

Guideline Adherence Cuts Cancer Risk in Postmenopausal Women

All-cause and cancer-specific mortality is lower in postmenopausal women who follow the American Cancer Society (ACS) Nutrition and Physical Activity Cancer Prevention Guidelines.

Preemie Crying Linked to Later Behavioral Problems

Early crying in preterm infants is associated with later child behavioral problems, and an education program can reduce postnatal depression symptoms as well as infant sleep and cry problems.

Risks Associated With Early-Term Delivery Highlighted

Non-medically indicated early-term delivery is associated with increased neonatal morbidity and mortality, and interventions to reduce these deliveries are encouraged.

Obama Administration Stands by Contraception Rule

The Obama administration on Friday contested U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor's decision temporarily exempting an order of Catholic nuns from the Affordable Care Act's contraception mandate.

Guidelines for Management of Menopausal Symptoms Issued

Evidence-based treatment guidelines for menopause management include personalizing treatment for optimal symptom relief.

One-Third of Teen Health Visits Don't Mention Sexuality

About one-third of adolescents have annual health maintenance visits without any mention of sexuality.

Romosozumab Increases Bone Mineral Density Post-Menopause

Romosozumab seems safe and effective for increasing bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density.

Pregnancy Tops List of Most Google-Searched Symptoms

The top 10 most Google-searched symptoms in 2013 included those for pregnancy, influenza, and diabetes, but not those for cancer or heart disease.

Pharmacies Misinform Young Females About Plan B

Female adolescents requesting emergency contraception (EC) at pharmacies are often given incorrect information, partly due to confusion about changing regulations.

Acupuncture Improves Breast Cancer Treatment Symptoms

For women with breast cancer receiving aromatase inhibitors, real acupuncture and sham acupuncture seem to improve patient-reported outcomes.

Bacterial Infections During Pregnancy May Up Risk of Autism

Pregnant women who are diagnosed with infections, particularly bacterial infections, during a hospital admission have an increased risk of delivering a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Mortality Up in Postmenopausal Women With Anti-CCP+ RA

Mortality rates are higher in postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies.

Fewer Opioid Treatment Centers Offering HIV, STI Testing

For-profit centers, which increased in number from 2000 to 2011, saw greatest testing declines.

USPSTF Supports Counseling, BRCA Tests for At-Risk Women

Women whose family hx indicates BRCA mutations should be offered counseling and genetic testing.

Peanuts During Pregnancy Reduces Offspring Allergy Risk

Early allergen exposure may increase tolerance and lowers risk of childhood food allergy.

Longer Maternity Leave May Reduce Postpartum Depression

An increase in leave duration in the first postpartum year correlated with a decrease in depressive symptoms up to six months postpartum.

Maternal Vitamin D Tied to Risk of Small for Gestational Age

Maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration is associated with the risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) offspring.

Maternal Antidepressant Use Not Significantly Linked to Autism

After adjusting for various factors, compared with no maternal SSRI use before or during pregnancy, there was no significant association between autism spectrum disorder and maternal SSRI use during pregnancy.

Exercise Ups Sexual Function in Women on Antidepressants

Exercise improves sexual function in women experiencing sexual side effects due to antidepressants.

Screening Tools ID Postnatal Depression in Teen Moms

For adolescent mothers, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and two subscales are accurate for identifying postnatal depression.

Prophylactic Progestin Cuts Odds of Recurrent Preterm Birth

Progestin prophylaxis and accelerated access to the first clinic visit decrease the odds of spontaneous preterm birth among women with a history of preterm birth.

Many U.S. Couples Pay High Costs for Fertility Treatment

Couples seeking fertility care face high out-of-pocket (OOP) costs that vary according to which type of treatment they select.

Radiotherapy Can Be Avoided in Some Breast Cancers

Researchers found that ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) at five years was significantly higher for women who did not receive radiotherapy

Human Error Most Often Responsible for Birth Asphyxia

Substandard care is common in birth asphyxia, and is most frequently due to human error.

Predictors of Cesarean Delivery ID'd Among Extremely Obese

For extremely obese women, predictors of cesarean delivery (CD) include body mass index (BMI), as well as maternal age, parity, and cervical dilation at the time of admission.

Vitamin D Deficiency Associated With Gestational Diabetes

Women with GDM had significantly lower serum levels of 25(OH)D than normal pregnant women.

CDC: Pregnancy Rates Down Over Last Two Decades

Pregnancy rates are 12% lower in the United States compared with two decades ago, with steep declines seen in teen pregnancy rates.

Fewer Attempted Labors Drive Increase in Cesarean Rate

Increases in the primary cesarean delivery rate appear to be driven by changes in rates of attempted labor as well as changes in rates of labor success.

Maternal, Pregnancy, Birth Risk Factors Identified for ADHD

Maternal, pregnancy, and birth risk factors have been identified among children with stimulant medication-treated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with little gender difference.

Multiple-Child Pregnancies Hike Birth Costs in the U.S.

Women with multiple-child pregnancies had significantly higher rates of localized and systemic comorbid conditions.

Health Insurance Coverage Changes Don't Change Behaviors

Gain in coverage linked to increased odds of preventive care but doesn't impact health behaviors.

Mercury Levels Drop One-Third in Women of Childbearing Age

EPA says women may have shifted to eating types of fish with lower mercury concentrations.

Age at First Childbirth Influences Later Diabetes Risk

Age at first childbirth is associated with the risk of diabetes in postmenopausal women.

Longer Wait to Surgery Worsens Survival in Uterine Cancer

Women who have longer wait times from diagnosis of uterine cancer to definitive surgery have reduced overall survival.

No Link Between Menopausal Hormones and Cognition

Postmenopausal hormone levels are not generally associated with cognition or mood.

Researchers Study Factors in Uncomplicated Pregnancy

Factors associated with uncomplicated pregnancy have been identified.

Many Women With Pelvic Prolapse Prefer to Keep Uterus

More women may prefer uterine preservation to hysterectomy for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse symptoms.

Phthalate Exposure Linked to Higher Odds of Preterm Birth

Exposure to phthalates during pregnancy is associated with significantly higher odds of preterm birth.

How Does Asthma Affect Pregnancy?

Asthma was associated with increased time to pregnancy, even after adjustment for age, age at menarche, body mass index, and socioeconomic status.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters