Substandard care is common in birth asphyxia, and is most frequently due to human error.
For extremely obese women, predictors of cesarean delivery (CD) include body mass index (BMI), as well as maternal age, parity, and cervical dilation at the time of admission.
Women with GDM had significantly lower serum levels of 25(OH)D than normal pregnant women.
Pregnancy rates are 12% lower in the United States compared with two decades ago, with steep declines seen in teen pregnancy rates.
Increases in the primary cesarean delivery rate appear to be driven by changes in rates of attempted labor as well as changes in rates of labor success.
Maternal, pregnancy, and birth risk factors have been identified among children with stimulant medication-treated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with little gender difference.
Women with multiple-child pregnancies had significantly higher rates of localized and systemic comorbid conditions.
Gain in coverage linked to increased odds of preventive care but doesn't impact health behaviors.
EPA says women may have shifted to eating types of fish with lower mercury concentrations.
Age at first childbirth is associated with the risk of diabetes in postmenopausal women.
Women who have longer wait times from diagnosis of uterine cancer to definitive surgery have reduced overall survival.
Postmenopausal hormone levels are not generally associated with cognition or mood.
Factors associated with uncomplicated pregnancy have been identified.
More women may prefer uterine preservation to hysterectomy for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse symptoms.
Exposure to phthalates during pregnancy is associated with significantly higher odds of preterm birth.
Asthma was associated with increased time to pregnancy, even after adjustment for age, age at menarche, body mass index, and socioeconomic status.
The delay of solid foods until ≥17 weeks of age and continued breastfeeding when cow's milk protein is introduced to infants' diets correlate with a reduced likelihood of food allergies.
According to the guidelines, all pregnant women should undergo testing for diabetes, ideally before 13 weeks of gestation.
Women with a history of bariatric surgery are at increased risk for preterm or small-for-gestational-age babies.
For women with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), one-month quality-of-life and neurologic outcomes are influenced by menstrual cycle phase and progesterone concentration at the time of injury.
There is a higher risk of depression before and a lower risk after the final menstrual period (FMP).
Although stress worsens performance on working memory tasks in postmenopausal women generally, stress does not affect performance in women with high estrogen levels.
Thromboembolism prophylaxis is underused among women who undergo cesarean delivery in the United States.
Women who indicated interest in breastfeeding at the first prenatal visit were significantly more likely to have the discussion.
The widespread misuse of perioperative antibiotics for gynecologic surgery is prevalent.
Mothers' receipt of immunotherapy during pregnancy may reduce the risk of any type of allergy in offspring.
Pregnant women admitted to the hospital for reasons other than delivery or venous thromboembolism are at higher risk of a first venous thromboembolism, particularly during the third trimester and among older women
There was no increased risk of leukemia, neuroblastoma, retinoblastoma, central nervous system tumors, or renal or germ-cell tumors associated with assisted conception.
The top five gynecologic oncology-related issues that physicians and patients should question have been released by the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) as part of the Choosing Wisely campaign.
Low plasma placental growth factor (PlGF) concentration has high sensitivity and negative predictive value for preeclampsia within 14 days.
Two organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), β-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and mirex, are associated with the risk of endometriosis.
Symptomatic uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) have a substantial impact on quality of life.
For women who undergo regular screening, human papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening is more efficacious than cytology-based screening for the prevention of invasive cervical cancer.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) supports the use of condoms as an effective method of contraception in adolescents.
The rate of premature births has declined to a 15-year low of 11.5%.
Evidence-based guidelines have been developed for the diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
The risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is increased with maternal prenatal weight gain, but is not associated with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI).
Multiple chronic conditions are associated with worse health in terms of activities of daily living and health-related quality of life in older adults.
Among women who are BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, the associations between ever use of oral contraceptives (OCs) and ovarian and breast cancers are similar to those observed in the general population.
Bottle feeding is associated with an increased risk of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) in infants, with significant modifications by maternal age and parity.
Academic ob-gyns face challenges in balancing patient care and academic demands.
From 2000-2010, in the United States, the number of donor oocyte cycles increased, and the number of good perinatal outcomes also increased.
A tendency to have negative emotions and views is associated with light alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy.
Ordering of unnecessary tests is one of the biggest drivers of increasing health care costs.
The issues related to calcium supplementation in postmenopausal women are discussed.
Cinnamon supplementation improves menstrual cyclicity and may improve fertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with low birth weight at term.
Compared with a single course of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, multiple courses do not increase or decrease the risk of death or disability for the child at age 5 years.
Men considering a vasectomy after the financial crisis in 2008 had significantly fewer children compared with men considering the procedure before the crisis.
Lifestyle behaviors such as caffeine and alcohol intake and physical activity may impact sperm quality parameters.
Male concentrations of phthalates correlate with diminished couple fecundability, while increased maternal conjugated bisphenol A (BPA) levels correlate with miscarriage.
Adolescent sexual minorities other than lesbians use less hormonal contraception and continue to be at an increased risk for teen pregnancy, with the exception of lesbians.
The researchers found a significant increase in the amount of mtDNA with increasing maternal age, particularly among those >38 years old.
For women in labor, high-protein drink supplementation is associated with improved patient satisfaction compared with ice chips/water.
Ensuring disclosure of a gynecological cancer diagnosis takes place in a private setting and that the conversation lasts for more than 10 minutes improves patient satisfaction.
Bleeding disorders play an important role in both explained and unexplained cases of heavy menstrual bleeding due in many cases to low but not deficient factor XI levels.
Women with a very preterm birth or with macrosomia may be at increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Walking for as little as an hour per day can significantly reduce the risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women.
Among oral hormone therapy users, conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) use is associated with a higher risk of incident venous thrombosis and possibly myocardial infarction than estradiol use.
Yoga classes plus home practice, compared with usual activity, do not reduce frequency or bother of vasomotor symptoms (VMS) in healthy menopausal women.
Early-term births are associated with high neonatal morbidity and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or a neonatology service.
An extended follow-up of two hormone therapy trials in postmenopausal women has shown that the benefits of hormone therapy do not outweigh the risks, although it may be useful for symptom management.
Five additional recommendations have been made as part of the Choosing Wisely campaign
Vitamin D supplementation alone does not improve bone health in postmenopausal women, but calcium alone or in combination with vitamin D does appear to reduce bone turnover.
Researchers found that 50.5% of respondents reported they received influenza vaccination before or during their pregnancy.
Researchers found increased duration of bedsharing was associated with longer duration of any breastfeeding.
A statistical prediction model comprising eight characteristics can be used to determine the severity of neonatal outcomes for infants born at 23-30 weeks of gestation.
Almost all new mothers experience breastfeeding concerns in the early postpartum period, and these are associated with stopping breastfeeding.
For women <21 years old, Papanicolaou (Pap) and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing are unnecessarily high.
Maternal obesity is associated with considerable negative maternal and neonatal outcomes as well as substantially increased medical costs.
There were significantly lower odds of intensive utilization of care associated with greater content fidelity.
Midurethral-sling surgery is more effective than physical therapy for women with stress urinary incontinence.
For all pregnant women, irrespective of risk factors, caseload midwifery is safe and appears to be cost-effective.
The use of robotic hysterectomy procedures has significantly increased from 9.5% to 13.6% from 2009-2010.
The odds of cesarean delivery were lower among women with elective induction across all gestational ages and parity compared with expectant management.
There are no differences in cure rates after three years of follow-up between women receiving mesh or no mesh for vaginal prolapse repair.
A higher rate of periconceptional opioid use has been observed among mothers of infants with neural tube defects.
Alcohol consumption, including binge drinking, is common during early pregnancy among women in Ireland.
Obesity occurs among about 17% of women nine months following delivery, and is associated with increasing parity in socioeconomically disadvantaged women
Future decisions and issues must be considered by cancer patients in their fertility preservation decision-making process.
In 2012, the U.S. birth rate was essentially unchanged, but decreases were noted in the rates for teenagers and women in their early 20s.
An intervention aimed at reducing parental trauma and redefining the parental experience for those with very premature newborns is both feasible and cost-effective.
The increased risk of breast cancer among users of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) varies by race/ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), and breast density.
For women in labor there is no evidence of benefits or harms of food and fluid restriction.
Consuming alcohol between menarche and first pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer and proliferative benign breast disease.
Alcohol consumption may be associated with an increased endometriosis risk.
Provisional guidelines derived from lifting criteria established by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) can be applied to pregnant women.
All extremely preterm infant survivors have a substantial likelihood of developing moderate to severe impairment; however, the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment declines with increasing gestation.
Most medications are safe to take while breastfeeding.
Gut-associated obligate anaerobes can be transferred from mother to neonate via breastfeeding.
Pregnancy is associated with sleep disturbances and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), especially in the presence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
For premenopausal women, sleep quality is associated with skin function and aging.
In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), eating about half of total daily calories at breakfast rather than dinner improves insulin sensitivity, reduces testosterone levels, and improves the ovulation rate, which may increase fertility.
Overall, a longer lactation period (>6 months) correlated with a reduced risk of breast cancer.
For extremely-low-birth-weight infants, survival to 36 weeks of gestational age is not significantly different with use of noninvasive respiratory support with nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV) or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).
Researchers noticed a decrease in the percentage of married women who are infertile from 1982 to 2006-2010.
Lidocaine spray is safe and effective for local anesthesia in patients undergoing loop electrosurgical excision procedure.
Induction and/or augmentation during childbirth may be associated with increased odds of autism.
Preterm-born young adults had significant differences in the right ventricle, including smaller end diastolic volume and greater mass, compared with term-born adults.
Glycosylated fibronectin may identify women in their first trimester who are at risk for gestational diabetes.