Nutrition

AMA: New Online Nutrition Course Available for Clinicians

January 16, 2018

The first module examines the importance of nutrition for patients, including scientific evidence supporting how diet can prevent and help treat certain conditions.

Vitamin D<sub>3</sub> Supplementation Examined for Aterial Stiffness Amelioration

January 10, 2018

The researchers observed a dose-response increase in serum 25(OH)D concentrations between the groups with vitamin D3 supplementation.

Maternal Folic Acid/Multivitamin Use and Autism Risk: What's the Link?

January 08, 2018

There was a statistically significant association for maternal exposure to folic acid and/or multivitamin supplements before pregnancy with reduced likelihood of ASD in offspring compared with no exposure before pregnancy.

Infant Feeding Guidelines Not Followed by Many Caregivers

January 08, 2018

The researchers found that 16.3% of U.S. infants were introduced to complementary foods at <4 months, 38.3% between 4 and <6 months, 32.5% between 6 and <7%, and 12.9% at ≥7 months of age.

Could a Widely Used Food Additive Be Contributing to Epidemic <i>C. difficile</i>?

By January 05, 2018

Implementation of trehalose as a food additive into the human diet may have contributed to hypervirulence.

Experts Weigh In on the Best Diets for 2018

By January 03, 2018

DASH and the Mediterranean diet also tied for top stop in the 'Best Diets for Healthy Eating' category will DASH ranked number 1 for the 'Best Heart-Healthy Diets'.

Impact of Maternal Folate Status on Child's Autistic Traits After AED Exposure

By December 28, 2017

Children exposed to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in utero may have a reduced risk of autistic traits with periconceptional folic acid supplementation and folate status

<i>L. reuteri</i> Probiotic Effective for Colic in Breastfed Infants

December 27, 2017

Probiotic group averaged less crying and/or fussing time and was more likely to experience treatment success

Do Vitamin D, Calcium Supplements Cut Fracture Risk in Older Patients?

By December 26, 2017

Thirty-three randomized trials (n=51,145) were identified that met the inclusion criteria.

Consumption of Green Leafy Vegetables May Slow Cognitive Decline

December 21, 2017

Consumption of median 1.3 servings/day over 4.7 years tied to slower cognitive decline

Can Probiotics Prevent <i>C. difficile</i>-Associated Diarrhea?

By December 20, 2017

Analysis of all patients who completed the study (N=8,672) found that probiotics reduce the risk of CDAD by 60%. Among the probiotic group the incident of CDAD was 1.5% (70/4,525) compared to 4% (164/4,147) in the placebo.

Ginkgo Biloba Plus Aspirin May Alleviate Cognitive Deficits After Stroke

December 19, 2017

The researchers found that, compared with controls, patients in the GBE group had a marked deceleration in the decline in Montreal Cognitive Assessment scores at 30 days (−2.77±0.21 versus −1.99±0.23; P=0.0116).

FDA: New Risk-Based Approach to Regulate Homeopathic Products

By December 18, 2017

FDA is proposing a new, risk-based enforcement approach to homeopathic drug products that have the greatest potential to cause risk to patients.

New App Helps Caregivers Monitor Nutrition, Growth of Tube Fed Children

By December 18, 2017

The app is designed to make it easier for caregivers of children who are tube fed to monitor their child's nutrition, tolerance, and overall growth and development.

Microbiome Intervention by Delayed-Release Niacin May Benefit in T2DM

December 18, 2017

"Targeted microbiome intervention by delayed-release NA might represent a future therapeutic option for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes," the authors write.

Drug-Free Supplements Launched for Menopause Symptom Relief

By December 15, 2017

The drug-free supplements also contain varying levels of flax, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, D-biotin, and vitamin D3.

Oxytocin Levels and Lack of Emotional Awareness May Be Linked

December 13, 2017

The researchers found that most measures of social-emotional functioning showed impairment in women with AN or a history of AN, versus those with no eating disorder history.

Sugar-Sweetened Drinks and Childhood Asthma Development: What's the Link?

December 11, 2017

The researchers found that comparing quartile 4 versus quartile 1, higher maternal pregnancy intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and total fructose correlated with increased odds of mid-childhood current asthma.

History of Dieting Fads and How Vanity Often Outweighs Common Sense

December 08, 2017

Fad diets may produce initial rapid weight loss, but this is more likely due to their lower calorie intake than the follower's usual diet, and often consists of water loss.

Diet Quality May Affect MS Disability Severity

December 07, 2017

The researchers found that having dietary quality scores in the highest versus the lowest quintile correlated with lower levels of disability.

Does Vitamin D During Pregnancy Improve Birth Outcomes?

November 30, 2017

Although linked to increased mean birth weight, reduced risk of SGA

FDA: Vitamin May Interfere With Lab Tests, Already One Fatality Reported

By November 28, 2017

The FDA has seen an increase in the number of reported adverse events, including one death, related to biotin interference with lab tests.

FDA: Potentially Life-Threatening Adverse Events Linked to Limbrel

By November 22, 2017

The FDA is continuing to investigate Primus Pharmaceuticals and the manufacturing process for Limbrel, and will share updates as they become available.

Vast Majority of U.S. Adults Consume Insufficient Amounts of Fruits, Vegetables

November 22, 2017

12.2 percent of adults meet fruit recommendation and 9.3 percent meet vegetable recommendation

Vitamin D and Reproductive Treatment Outcomes: What's the Link?

November 17, 2017

The researchers found that live birth was more likely in women replete with vitamin D versus those with vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency.

Anti-Inflammatory Foods May Help With RA Symptoms, Progression

By November 08, 2017

Specific foods that were highlighted include dried plums, blueberries, pomegranates, whole grains, ginger, turmeric, specific oils, and teas; these foods were found to reduce inflammatory cytokines, joint stiffness, pain, and oxidative stress.

CDC: School-Based Co-op Shows Consistent Healthy Eating Improvements

November 03, 2017

Over 90% of the produce for the project was donated. Families received an average of 54 to 61 servings of fresh produce each week, with an average produce cost of $2.53 per family per week.

Nutritional Interventions Could Benefit Chronic Kidney Disease

November 02, 2017

Dietary interventions may be used for conservative uremia management and to delay or prevent dialysis therapy, say the authors of the review.

Leptin Levels May Mediate Weight Loss in Bulimia

October 25, 2017

Mediation analyses using bootstrapping procedures indicated that all paths were significant and that leptin mediated the link between WS and illness duration.

Supplements May Improve Markers of Bone Turnover in Kidney Disease

October 25, 2017

Significant reductions were seen in serum total and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (SAP, BAP) and serum C-terminal cross-linked collagen type I telopeptides (CTX-1) in the cholecalciferol group.