Nutrition

AAP Releases New List of 'Choosing Wisely' Recommendations

October 11, 2017

The AAP Section for Endocrinology compiled a list of tests that parents and physicians should question.

Maternal Multivitamin Use and Autism Spectrum Disorder: What's the Link?

October 05, 2017

Lower odds of offspring autism spectrum disorder with or without additional iron or folic acid

Ascor Approved for the Treatment of Scurvy

By October 04, 2017

While the exact mechanism of action of ascorbic acid in the treatment of scurvy is unknown, administration is believed to restore the body pool of ascorbic acid.

Vit D Deficiency: A Risk Factor for MS?

By September 21, 2017

Data showed that a 50nmol/L increase in 25(OH)D correlated with a 39% decreased risk of MS. Specifically, a 43% increased risk of MS was seen in women with 25(OH)D levels <30nmol/L vs. women with levels ≥50nmol/L.

Daily Consumption of 'Cancer Preventative' Leads to Cyanide Poisoning

By September 13, 2017

The patient admitted to taking 2 teaspoons of self-prepared apricot kernel extract along with 3 tablets of Novodalin, an herbal fruit kernel supplement, every day for the past 5 years.

Multivitamins Tied to Reduced Risk of Chemo-Induced Neuropathy

September 13, 2017

The researchers found that there was an association for multivitamin use before diagnosis with reduced symptoms of CIPN (CTCAE-adjusted odds ratio, 0.6 [95% confidence interval, 0.42 to 0.87]; FACT/GOG-Ntx-adjusted OR, 0.78 [95% confidence interval, 0.61 to 1]).

Administration Issues Prompt Recall of Infant Supplement

By September 08, 2017

If the product is not administered exactly as the labeled instructions, it may pose swallowing difficulties and may be a possible choking hazard due to the thickness of the liquid.

Drug-Dietary Supplement Interaction Leads to Surgical Emergency

By September 05, 2017

This case demonstrates how important it is for clinicians to be able to identify dietary supplements that can lead to dangerous drug-drug interactions.

Carbs More Likely to Kill than Fats, Says New Study

August 30, 2017

The investigators found that high-carbohydrate diets are common, with more than half of the people deriving 70 percent of their daily calories from carbs.

Long Term Vitamin Use Tied to Significant Increase in Cancer Risk

By August 24, 2017

Upon evaluation of the 10-year average supplement dose, it was found that lung cancer risk increased almost 2-fold in men taking >20mg/day of vitamin B6 (HR: 1.82; 95% CI: 1.25, 2.65) and >55mg/day of vitamin B12 (HR: 1.98; 95% CI: 1.32, 2.97) versus nonusers.

Fruit Flavonol May Have Protective Effects on UV-Induced Skin Damage

August 24, 2017

The researchers found that, as determined by the cell viability assay, ultraviolet (UV)-induced keratinocyte death was attenuated by myricetin in a dose-dependent manner.

Teen Anorexia Outcomes with Family-Based Telehealth Therapy

August 23, 2017

Percent median body mass index improved significantly from baseline to the end of treatment (P=0.013) and from baseline to the 6-month follow-up (P=0.032).

Licorice Supplements May Put Patients at Risk for Drug Interactions

By August 22, 2017

More women are looking toward alternatives like licorice due to, "concerns about the risk of stroke and breast cancer associated with conventional hormone," said Richard B. van Breemen, PhD, and lead author.

FDA: Herbal Remedy Linked to High Lead Levels, Developmental Delay in Child

By August 07, 2017

The risk of lead poisoning was initially communicated by the North Carolina Division of Public Health who tested the product and found high levels of lead.

Vitamin B Effects on Fracture Risk Examined in Women at High CVD Risk

August 07, 2017

The researchers found that B vitamin supplementation had no significant effect on non-spine fracture risk (relative hazard, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.88 to 1.34).

Underlying Mechanisms ID'd in Curcumin Resensitization of CA Cells

August 02, 2017

The researchers reported the resensitization of chemoresistant PDAC cells by curcumin through inhibition of the PRC2-PVT1-c-Myc axis.

Cardiovascular Disease Correlated to Daily Sodium Intake Threshold

August 01, 2017

ESI >3.7 g/day correlated with strain parameters and e' velocity, while ESI ≤3.7 g/day was not, after adjustment for speckle-tracking analyst, image quality, study site, age, sex, smoking status, alcohol use, daily blocks walked, diuretic use, estimated glomerular filtration rate, left ventricular mass, ejection fraction, and wall motion score index.

Regular Coffee Consumption Could Lead to a Longer Life

July 11, 2017

People who drank about 3 cups of coffee (23 to 29 ounces) per day were 7 to 12% less likely to die over the next 16 years, compared with non-drinkers (men: HR, 0.88; women: HR, 0.93).

High-Dose Vitamin D May Benefit Skin After Sunburn

By July 07, 2017

The study found that subjects who took the highest doses of vitamin D had long-term benefits, including reduced skin inflammation 48 hours after the burn.

Flaxseed Consumption Tied to Weight Reduction

June 30, 2017

Significant reduction in body weight, BMI, waist circumference following flaxseed consumption

Is Chocolate the New 'Brain Food'?

By June 29, 2017

"Collectively, these findings seem to support quite consolidated epidemiological evidence indicating that regular cocoa flavanols intake possesses the potential to protect human cognition, particularly in aged populations," write the authors.

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Certain Occupations

June 23, 2017

Findings may help target health promotion and preventive efforts, researchers say

Are Americans Taking Too Much Vitamin D?

June 21, 2017

"More may not always be better with vitamin D," said Dr. Rooney, lead researcher. "There's not much research on longer-term health outcomes on high-dose supplements."

Vitamin K Antagonist Shows Protective Benefits in A-Fib

June 19, 2017

The researchers found that the associated risk of MI was increased for ASA and dual therapy relative to the VKA-treated group (incidence rate ratios [IRR], 1.54 and 1.22, respectively).

Potential Microbial Growth Prompts Recall of Several Injectable Solutions

By June 16, 2017

The affected lots were distributed in the U.S, Dutch Antilles, Barbados, Canada, Philippines, Kuwait, and Singapore between January to June 2017.

What Happens When Descriptive Labeling Is Used for Vegetables?

By June 14, 2017

Stanford University researchers changed the labeling on the serving bowls of a different vegetable each day for the 2016 autumn academic quarter.

Vitamin D, Omega-3s May Boost DMARD Response in Early RA

By June 12, 2017

The researchers aimed to evaluate the association between dietary vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids, and treatment outcomes with DMARDs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Prebiotics May Help Cut Body Fat in Overweight, Obese Kids

By June 08, 2017

At the conclusion of the study period, results showed that the once-daily prebiotic demonstrated significant benefit vs. placebo in change of percent body fat (-2.4% vs. +0.05%) and body weight z-score (-3.1% vs. +0.5%).

Packaged Foods Now Have Less Salt, But Excessive Consumption Still an Issue

June 06, 2017

The researchers also found that the average salt content in food consumers purchased decreased for all major packaged foods, including 49mg less salt in every 100g of condiments, sauces, dips, and salty snacks.

Diets, Supplements Evaluated for Treating ASD Symptoms

May 30, 2017

Analysis of 19 trials turned up little evidence they actually work; more definitive research needed