The petition was submitted by a number of non-profit organizations including the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Breast Cancer Fund.
The researchers found that water accounted for 43.7% of total beverage consumption among US youth, followed by milk (21.5%), soft drinks (19.9%), 100% juice (7.3%), and other beverages (7.6%).
Tests revealed Neuroveen to be contaminated with Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Burkholderia cepacia. Compulsin was also tested and found to contain B. cepacia.
The researchers found that there were 6,283 deaths in the ARIC cohort during a median follow-up of 25 years, and 40,181 deaths across all cohort studies (432,179 participants).
Among women who achieved pregnancy, sufficient preconception 25-hydroxyvitamin D was associated with reduced risk of pregnancy loss (preconception RR per 25nmol/L, 0.88; 95% confidence interval, 0.77 to 0.99); but this was not found at 8 weeks of gestation (RR, 0.98; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.95 to 1.01).
They found evidence of benefit for legumes, moderate habitual coffee consumption, tea, mushrooms, alcohol in recommended amounts, plant or marine omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin B12 supplements for those who are deficient.
The primary outcome of cancer (328 total cases of cancer) occurred in 6.5 and 6.4% of participants in the vitamin D and placebo groups, respectively.
Compared with child-targeted products without a GF claim, child-targeted GF products had lower levels of sodium, total fat, and saturated fat, and also had less protein, and a higher percentage of calories from sugar.
These results challenge existing conceptions that omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in treating adolescent major depressive disorder.
Thirty-seven and 16% of the 242 studies mentioning harm-related results used only generic statements to describe AEs and used inadequate metrics, respectively.
When adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, calcium supplement intake, and study of origin, women with 25(OH)D concentrations ≥60ng/mL had an 80% lower risk of breast cancer than women with concentrations <20ng/mL (hazard ratio, 0.20; P=.03).
The researchers found that there was no correlation between MVM supplementation and CVD mortality, CHD mortality, stroke mortality, or stoke incidence 1.02, 0.95, and 0.98.
The authors reviewed 6 recent 2-year cycles (2003-2004 through 2013-2014) of NHANES data and restricted the sample to children and adolescents (aged 0-19 years) who responded to the dietary supplement questionnaire.
The authors used data from 1,819 young adults (25 to 36 years) who were surveyed in 2015 to 2016 as part of the fourth wave of the Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) cohort study.
"No strong evidence was found to support a causal effect of vitamin D status on gestational hypertension or preeclampsia," the authors write.
Participants who were at high cardiovascular risk were randomized to 1 of 3 diets: a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with mixed nuts, or a control diet featuring advice to reduce dietary fat.
Scores in the highest HEI quartile, indicating a high-quality diet, were associated with decreased risk of overall (hazard ratio, 0.59) and cancer-specific (hazard ratio, 0.35) mortality vs the lowest HEI quartile (poor-quality diet).
"Optimal 25(OH)D concentrations for colorectal cancer risk reduction, 75 to 100nmol/L, appear higher than current Institute of Medicine recommendations," the authors write.
Individuals were better able to estimate the energy density of fat vs carbohydrate and fat + carbohydrate foods. This effect correlated with functional connectivity between the fusiform gyrus and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (visual and valuation areas).
Cost savings were estimated at $66.9 and $135 billion, respectively, if the diet quality of US adults were to improve to achieve 80% of the maximum healthy eating index 2015 and mediterranean diet scores.
The researchers found that infants who received n-3 LCPUFA had a smaller waist circumference at 5 years (coefficient, 1.1cm), which remained significant after adjusting for confounders (coefficient, 0.8cm).
The patient disclosed that she had been taking a biotin supplement, and after comprehensive workup, including a scheduled surgical procedure, abnormalities were attributed to biotin interference.
The researchers used an implicit association test in study 1 to demonstrate that generalized negative associations with frozen vegetables were automatic, robust, and ingrained in long-term memory.
Formal diagnosis and treatment of eating disorders in adolescents are outside the scope of gynecologic practice, but health care providers should be comfortable with recognizing and screening at-risk patients.
The researchers found that the evidence for preventive benefits (folic acid for cardiovascular disease, folic acid and B-vitamins for stroke), no effect (multivitamins, vitamins C and D, β-carotene, calcium, and selenium), or elevated risk (antioxidant mixtures and niacin [with a statin] for all-cause mortality) was generally moderate- or low-quality.
With adherence to a Mediterranean diet, there were significant air pollution-mortality attenuations for nitrous oxide (NO2) with all-cause mortality, fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and NO2 with cardiovascular disease mortality, and PM2.5 and NO2 with ischemic heart disease mortality.