Poor Diet Choices Linked to Over 400,000 U.S. Deaths in 2015

Looking at deaths in the United States from cardiovascular disease for 2015, the investigators found unhealthy diet choices and lack of eating healthier foods had a part in the deaths of 222,100 men and 193,400 women.

Water Consumption and Weight Loss: What's the Link?

Researchers compared two weight-loss diets in adolescents who were overweight or obese, either with or without additional advice and behavioral support to increase regular water uptake to 8 cups daily.

Storage Update for Orfadin Capsules

The FDA has approved the supplemental new drug applicationfor Orfadin (nitisinone capsules; Sobi) which allows for an extension of shelf life for the 20mg capsules from 24 months to 36 months.

FDA Grants Orphan Drug Status to Rare Lysosomal Storage Disorder Treatment

The FDA has granted Orphan Drug designation to Sangamo's genome editing product candidate, SB-913, for the treatment of Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II (MPS II).

AGA Releases Obesity Practice Guide

The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released an 'Obesity Practice Guide', providing gastroenterologists with a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary process to lead safe and effective weight management for obese patients.

Can Vitamin D Supplementation Protect Against Acute Respiratory Infection?

To assess the efficacy of vitamin D in suppressing acute respiratory infections, researchers analyzed results from 25 randomized controlled trials which included over 11,000 participants.

Unapproved Weight Loss Injectable Recalled

Recall of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin vials occurred due to a lack of sterility assurance. The product is not approved by the FDA for any other over-the-counter indication.

Vitamin B12 Monitoring May Be Lacking Among Long-Term Metformin Users

According to a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, long-term metformin use is significantly associated with lower serum vitamin B12 levels, but those at risk often are not monitored for this deficiency.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Asthma: Why Do Outcomes Vary?

Omega-3 fatty acids contained in fish oil was shown to have a lowering effect on lgE production (the antibodies which fuel asthma), suggesting that omega-3 fatty acids may be utilized to treat asthma patients.

Exposure to Common Plastic Compound May Increase Offspring Obesity Risk

Prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) may raise a child's risk of obesity by altering hypothalamic circuits that regulate feeding behavior and energy balance, according to an experimental study published online Feb. 7 in Endocrinology.

FDA Approves Screening System that Detects Metabolic Disorders in Newborns

The Food and Drug Administration has approved the marketing of the Seeker System (Baebies, Inc.) for the screening of four rare lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) in newborns.

Clinical Guidelines Set Primary Goals for Preventing Pediatric Obesity

In a clinical practice guideline published online in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, recommendations are presented for the assessment, treatment, and prevention of pediatric obesity.

Herb, Supplement Use Up Among Pregnant Women

From 2002 to 2012 there was an increase in herb and supplement use among pregnant women, according to a research letter published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Children with Transverse Myelitis Should Be Screened for Celiac Disease

Transverse myelitis (TM) can be a manifestation of celiac disease (CD) in young children, according to a case report published online February 2 in Pediatrics.

Psychostimulants Assessed as Possible Bulimia Nervosa Treatment

For select patients, psychostimulants may be beneficial for treating bulimia nervosa, according to a study of six cases published online January 23 in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

AHA: Meal Frequency, Timing May Affect Cardiovascular Health

A new statement from the American Heart Association (AHA), published online in Circulation, highlights what's known - and what's not - about meal timing and cardiovascular health.

Endocrine Society Releases New Guideline for Pediatric Obesity

The Endocrine Society released an updated evidence-based clinical practice guideline on the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity with lifestyle changes.

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet May Lower ADHD Risk

Children who follow a Mediterranean diet may be less likely to have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study published online January 30 in Pediatrics.

Can Limiting Weight Gain During Pregnancy Lower Complication Risk in Obese?

Strategies to help overweight or obese women limit their weight gain during pregnancy don't seem to alleviate the risk for obstetric complications, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, The Pregnancy Meeting.

Sedentary Lifestyle Precursor to Prediabetes Regardless of Weight

Inactivity is associated with greater risk of prediabetes and diabetes, even for healthy-weight adults, according to a study published online in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Weight Loss and Reductions in Sleepiness: A Causal Relationship?

For overweight or obese adults, intentional weight loss is associated with improvement in daytime sleepiness, according to a review published online in Obesity Reviews.

CDC Reports on Sugary Drink Consumption Among Youth

Nearly two-thirds of boys and girls ages 2 to 19 in the United States drink at least one sugar-sweetened beverage daily, according to a January data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

High-Inflammation Diets May Impact Fracture Risk

An anti-inflammatory diet may protect women against bone density loss and decrease the risk of hip fracture, according to data taken from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).

Some Nutraceuticals Found to Improve Outcomes in Heart Failure

Supplementing with certain nutraceuticals could be beneficial for patients with heart failure, according to a new review published in Current Pharmaceutical Design.

Managing SSTIs in Obese Patients: Which Treatments Are Optimal?

When treating skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in obese patients, the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic approach offers important data and decision-making tools for optimizing regimens used for both prevention and treatment of SSTIs in this population.

Does Green Tea Consumption Impact Medication Metabolism?

Consuming green tea (Camellia sinensis) extract or its associated catechins is not expected to have a clinically significant impact on major CYP450 or uridine 5'diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase enzyme substrates or P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates, study authors concluded in a review published in Planta Medica.

Can Physician-Delivered Step Count Goal Improve Real World Outcomes?

A physician-delivered step count prescription strategy with an individualized rate of increase can result in an increase in step count/day, according to a study published online January 11 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

FDA to Review Drug for Exertional Heat Stroke

Eagle announced the complete submission to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of its New Drug Application (NDA) for Ryanodex for the treatment of exertional heat stroke (EHS).

Medical Licensing Exams May Be Lacking in the Field of Obesity

The most important concepts of obesity prevention and treatment are not adequately represented on the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step examinations, according to a study published recently in Teaching and Learning in Medicine.

FDA Grants Deuterated CF Therapy Orphan Drug Designation

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Orphan Drug designation for Concert Pharmaceuticals' CTP-656 (deuterated ivacaftor) for the treatment of cystic fibrosis.

Get Up, Stand Up: Reducing Sitting Time Key to CRF Fitness

The reduction and interruption of sitting time can be an initial step in the development of a total physical activity plan for male patients, according to the conclusions of a report published in the December issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

Oxytocin Treatment Assessed in Infants with Prader-Willi Syndrome

For infants with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), oxytocin (OXT) administration is associated with improvement in feeding and social skills, according to a study published online January 18 in Pediatrics.

MetS Patients May Require Significantly More Vitamin E

New research indicates that patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) may need significantly more vitamin E than healthy patients, and that conventional blood tests may not provide an accurate measure of vitamin E levels.

Novel Urine Test Developed to Detect Dietary Patterns

Researchers from the the Imperial College London, Newcastle University, and Aberystwyth University have developed a urine test that can indicate how healthy a person's diet is, according to a study published in the Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology.

Dietary Supplement May Carry Similar Safety Risks as Statins

Red yeast rice found in dietary supplements was linked to myopathies and liver injury and may not be a good choice for statin-intolerant patients, according to a study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Update to Recommended Times for Infant Food Introduction

In a position paper published in the January issue of the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, guidance is presented in relation to complementary foods and their introduction into an infant's diet.

New Year Detox May Have Triggered Life-Threatening Complication

The 47-year-old previously fit woman presented to the hospital following a short period of confusion and repetitive behavior.

FDA Warns Against the Use of Drug Promoted as 'Cancer Cure'

A laboratory analysis found the presence of Variovorax paradoxus.

Sugar Substitute Consumption On the Rise, Especially in Children

Researchers from George Washington University found that about 25% of children and >41% of adults in America reported an intake of foods and drinks containing low-calorie sweeteners (eg, aspartame, sucralose, saccharin) in a recent nutrition survey.

Chondroitin Sulfate vs. Celecoxib Data Announced for Knee OA

Bioberica announced positive results from the MOSAIC Study that evaluated the use of chondroitin sulfate for knee osteoarthritis.

Significant Weight Loss Seen with Contrave in Real-World Study

Orexigen Therapeutics announced that data from the IGNITE study have been published in the journal Obesity.

The Big Brain Diet: Older Adults Show Preserved Brain Health

The heart-healthy Mediterranean diet may also help preserve brain health in older adults, according to research published online in Neurology.

Omega-3 Consumption and Type 2 Diabetes: What's the Link?

Consumption of single omega-3 is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), with dosage, ethnicity, trial duration, and recruited age influencing the effect, according to a meta-analysis published online December 29 in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.

Vitamin D Deficiency May Up Risk of Chronic Headache

Findings further support the evidence associating low vitamin D with increased risk of chronic diseases.

AACE/ACE Redefine 'Obesity' in New Position Statement

In 2012, the AACE described obesity as a disease state, which was officially adopted by the American Medical Association (AMA) in 2014.

Healthy Diet May Cut Premature Mortality Risk in CKD Patients

For patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), a diet that stresses healthy food vs. individual ingredients may help reduce the risk of early death, a study published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology has found.

CDC Announces 7 U.S. Public Health Priorities

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued the final report on the Winnable Battles program which highlights public health priorities with large-scale impact on health and strategies that may help to address them.

Guidelines for NAFLD Management in Children Published

The American Academy of Pediatrics has endorsed new guidelines recommending the screening of all obese children aged 9 to 11 for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Rare Liver Disorder Therapy Designated Orphan Drug

PhaseRx announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Orphan Drug Designation for PRX-OTC for the treatment of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD).

Drug Combo May Benefit Weight-Concerned Smokers Who Want to Quit

In a first-ever prospective study evaluating lorcaserin in reducing post-cessation weight gain in overweight and obese smokers, researchers found that lorcaserin combined with varenicline minimized weight gain and increases in waist circumference.

Weight Gain Concerns May Impact Birth Control Choice

Concerns about gaining weight may impact contraception choices for women.

Unhealthy Weight Management Linked to Adolescent Rx Drug Use

Seventeen percent of high school students say they have engaged in non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), according to a recent Youth Risk Behavior Survey.

Novel Mucopolysaccharidosis Tx Designated Orphan Drug

Eloxx announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Orphan Drug designation to ELX-02, its propriety drug candidate for the treatment of mucopolysaccharidosis type 1 (MPS I).

Maternal Vit B12 Deficiency May Up Diabetes Risk in Offspring

New research has found that antenatal B12 deficiency may be tied to higher than normal leptin levels in offspring, which can lead to type 2 diabetes.

Is Vit D Deficiency Tied to Higher Risk of Bladder Cancer?

Patients who were vitamin D deficient had an increased risk of developing bladder cancer, a systematic review presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference has concluded.

Can Restoring Vit D Levels Improve Adherence in Statin Rechallenge?

For patients with statin-induced myopathy, restoring low vitamin D levels appeared to be help improve medication adherence and ultimately prevent cardiovascular and mortality events, according to a study published in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice.

Belviq XR Now Available for Chronic Weight Management

Belviq XR, a CIV controlled substance, was initially approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in July 2016.

FDA Approval Expands Orkambi Use in Pediatric Patients with Cystic Fibrosis

Vertex announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Orkambi (lumacaftor and ivacaftor) tablets for use in children with cystic fibrosis aged 6-11 years who have 2 copies of the F508del mutation.

Tylactin RESTORE Powder Available for Tyrosinemia Management

Cambrooke Therapeutics announced the launch of Tylactin RESTORE Powder, a new medical hydration beverage for the dietary management of tyrosinemia.

Glytactin RESTORE Powder Packets Approved for PKU Patients

Cambrooke Therapeutics announced the launch of Glytactin RESTORE Powder and Glytactin RESTORE Lite Powder, new medical food hydration beverages for the dietary management of phenylketonuria (PKU).

FDA Approves Lomaira as Adjunct Tx in Weight Loss

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Lomaira (phentermine HCl; KVK Tech) tablets as a short-term adjunct in a regimen for weight reduction.

Insulin Sensitivity and Anabolic Steroids: What's the Link?

Use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) may lead to insulin resistance, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, held from September 12 to 16 in Munich.

Can Cinnamon Supplements Help with Glycemic Control in T2DM?

A literature search identified 11 randomized controlled trials.

Swallowable Intragastric Balloon System Gains Approval for Weight Loss

The System is intended for use as adjunct to a behavior modification program and a moderate intensity diet.

Can Vitamin D Help Reduce the Risk of Asthma Exacerbations?

For patients with asthma, vitamin D appears to reduce the risk of severe asthma exacerbations and health care use, according to a review published online in the Cochrane Library.

Drop in Congenital Heart Defects Tied to Folic Acid-Fortified Foods

The introduction of folic acid-fortified foods in Canada was associated with a decrease in infants being born with congenital heart defects (CHDs), according to a study published in Circulation.

FDA: Natural Herb Coffee Found to Contain Undeclared Drug

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning consumers not to buy or use Kopi Jantan Traditional Natural Herbs Coffee.

High-Intensity Ultrasound Demonstrates Efficacy in Fat Reduction Study

A novel high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment with a cooling system is safe and efficient for destroying adipocytes, according to a study published online August 23 in Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.

Some Good News for Cheese Lovers

Researchers aimed to compare the effects of regular-fat cheese with an equal amount of reduced-fat cheese and an isocaloric amount of carbohydrate-rich foods on LDL cholesterol levels and the risk factors for metabolic syndrome.

Dietary Supplement May Promote Hair Growth in Men

A marine complex supplement is beneficial for men with thinning hair, according to a study published online August 9 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

CDC: Only Half of Mothers Breastfeed for Recommended Duration

Even though most new mothers in the United States begin breastfeeding their infants at birth, many stop sooner than recommended, according to the 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Gripe Water with Probiotic Now Available for Infants

Wellements announced the launch of Wellements Probiotic Gripe Water, the first gripe water to contain probiotics, to help ease a newborn's stomach discomfort often associated with gas, colic, fussiness, and hiccups.

A Shift From Weight to Health Talk May Help Curb Obesity, Eating Disorders in Teens

When teenagers are overweight, parents and doctors should encourage a healthy lifestyle rather than focus on the number on the scale, according to new guidelines issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and published online in Pediatrics.

Does Higher BMI Affect Hormonal Contraceptive Efficacy?

A review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews generally found no association between higher body mass index (BMI) or weight and hormonal contraceptive efficacy.

First Four-Oil Parenteral Nutrition Product Available

Fresenius Kabi announced the launch of Smoflipid, a parenteral nutrition product, for use in adults.

Are PPI Users at Risk for Vitamin B12 Deficiency?

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) were associated with a higher risk of inducing vitamin B12 deficiency than histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) but longer prospective studies are needed to confirm this finding, study authors concluded in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice.

Time Spent Overweight May Affect a Woman's Cancer Risk

The longer a woman is overweight, the higher her risk of several cancers, according to a study published online August 16 in PLOS Medicine.

Orlistat-ART Interaction Warning Added to Labeling

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for Xenical (orlistat; Genentech) capsules regarding the risk of loss of virological control in patients with HIV infection taking concomitant antiretroviral agents.

DASH Diet May Benefit Gout Patients

A study published in Arthritis & Rheumatology has found that the DASH diet reduced serum uric acid, particularly in patients with hyperuricemia.

Major Recall of Liquid Drugs, Supplements Due to Potential Bacterial Contamination

PharmaTech announced a voluntary recall of all liquid products due to a potential risk of contamination with Burkholderia cepacia.

Risks Associated with Night Hypoxia in Obese Peds

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)/hypoxia is associated with progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in pediatric patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), according to a study published online August 5 in the Journal of Hepatology.

Risk of Vitamin D Drop After Stopping Certain Contraceptives, Study Finds

Researchers from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in Research reported that women risk having their vitamin D levels drop when they cease using contraceptives containing estrogen.

Soy Isoflavones May Benefit Patients with PCOS

Consuming soy isoflavones may improve cardiovascular and metabolic health in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), results from a new study in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism has found.

Trends in Vitamin D Status of the U.S. Population: 1988-2010

Mean vitamin D concentrations among Americans remained stable between 1988-2006 and showed modest increases between 2007-2010.

Eating More Nuts May Improve Inflammatory Biomarkers, Study Suggests

Habitual nut consumption was associated with a healthy profile of inflammatory biomarkers, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School reported.

Does St. John's Wort Reduce Hormonal Contraceptive Efficacy?

Although evidence is limited, a new systematic review in Contraception indicates a greater risk of ovulation and breakthrough as well as reduced contraceptive efficacy when combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are co-administered with St. John's wort.

Vitamin C and Back Pain: What's the Link?

To analyze vitamin C level outcomes, researchers used the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database.

Experimental Drug Shows Promise in Proopiomelanocortin Deficiency

An experimental drug spurred substantial weight loss in patients with proopiomelanocortin (POMC) deficiency, according to a study published in the July 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Experts Believe Pokémon Go Could Encourage a Healthier Lifestyle

The popularity of the mobile video game Pokémon Go may be contributing to a healthier lifestyle for many players, according to some experts.

New Research Suggests Even a High-Fat Mediterranean Diet Is Beneficial

Even a high-fat Mediterranean diet may protect against breast cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, according to a review published online in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Does Reducing Caffeine Intake Help Prevent PMS?

Decreasing caffeine intake may not help women prevent premenstrual syndrome (PMS), a team of researchers reported.

FructosAid88 Available for Fructose Malabsorption

FructosAid88 (xylose isomerase), the first enzyme supplement for fructose malabsorption, is now available.

Belviq XR Approved for Chronic Weight Management

Eisai and Arena announced that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Belviq XR (lorcaserin HCl extended-release tablets).

FDA Approves Increase in Amount of Vitamin D Allowed in Milk, Milk Alternatives

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved an increase in the amount of vitamin D allowed in milk, milk alternative beverages and plant-based yogurt alternatives.

Study Shows Diet-Induced Weight Loss Can Lower the Risk of CA in Obese Women

Overweight and obese women who lose weight via calorie restriction, with or without exercise, may lower their odds of developing cancer as their levels of proteins tied to angiogenesis drop, according to a study published online in Cancer Research.

Is Early Childhood Obesity Tied to Antibiotic Exposure?

Antibiotic exposure is associated with increased odds of obesity among young children, according to a study published in Gastroenterology.

Water Intake May Play a Role in Weight Management, Study Finds

Staying adequately hydrated may be associated with a lower risk of obesity, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

DPP-4 Inhibitors Linked to Improved Vitamin D Balance in T2DM Patients

Findings from a study published in Acta Diabetologica support that treatment with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors is associated with better vitamin D balance in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Dronabinol Oral Solution Approved by FDA

The FDA has approved Syndros (dronabinol oral solution) for the treatment of anorexia associated with weight loss in patients with AIDS, and nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy in patients who have failed to respond adequately to conventional antiemetic treatments.