Even mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy is associated with adverse child cognitive development.
In 2008-2010, the prevalence of key health behaviors among U.S. adults varied, with about one in five adults current smokers and 62.1% overweight or obese.
For critically ill patients with relative contraindications to early enteral nutrition, the provision of early parenteral nutrition is not associated with reductions in day-60 mortality.
Obese and overweight adults can improve symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease by losing weight, while regaining even small amounts of weight can worsen symptoms.
For patients with stable Crohn's disease, vitamin D supplementation is associated with improvements in hand-grip strength, fatigue, and quality of life.
Men who had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during childhood are at increased risk of obesity as adults.
Short-term therapy with vitamin C at modest doses did not have a clinically significant effect on lowering urate levels in patients with gout.
Reductions in central adiposity and improved fitness are the most prominent predictors of changes in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) after exercise training in patients with type 2 diabetes.
The FDA has granted sebelipase alfa Breakthrough Therapy designation for the treatment of early onset lysosomal acid lipase deficiency.
Lowering sodium levels to moderate seems to result in improved health outcomes, but the evidence is insufficient to assess the benefits and harms of further lowering levels.
For individuals with job strain, a healthy lifestyle is associated with a reduced risk of coronary artery disease.
From 2005-2011, there was no significant change in the sodium content of processed and fast-food restaurant foods; and on average, meals at sit-down restaurants (SDRs) contain more than a full day's worth of sodium.
Even mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy can have long-term adverse effects on a child's cognition.
Women who report "eating more protein" as a weight loss strategy achieve weight loss over two years.
Atriphen has been recalled due to the possibility of causing a severe allergic reaction from two undeclared allergens.
For patients with multiple cardiovascular risk factors or atherosclerotic vascular disease who have not had a myocardial infarction, daily treatment with n-3 fatty acids does not reduce cardiovascular mortality or morbidity.
Adding carotenoids, omega-3 fatty acids, or both to an antioxidant formulation of vitamins and minerals previously shown to be effective in reducing the risk of progression to advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) does not further lower the risk.
Virtual reality-based weight management may improve weight loss maintenance in overweight and obese adults.
Magnesium, but not calcium, intake seems to be associated with total bone mineral content and density among young children.
A genetic variant associated with weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery has been identified.
The LAP-BAND adjustable gastric banding system is safe and effective for obese individuals with a body mass index of 30-39.9kg/m².
Nearly half of young, obese men have an adverse cardiometabolic event or die before age 55 years.
Fecundity seems to be related to the nutritional components of diet, with high protein intake linked to improved blastocyst development and pregnancy rates.
For women who smoke, vitamin C supplementation during pregnancy is associated with reduced incidence of wheezing in their offspring through the age of 1 year.
NIH study showed metreleptin treatment reduced HbA1c, triglycerides, and liver function tests in children and adolescents with lipodystrophy during a 12-month period.
For U.S. adults, about 13% of calories consumed are from added sugars, with the mean percentage decreasing as age and income increase.
A controversial diet low in grains, beans, and certain vegetables combined with select supplements can improve blood vessel function.
Even without weight loss (WL), the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) improves measures of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) metabolism in men with metabolic syndrome.
Supplementing healthy, term, breastfed newborns with 1,600 international units (IU) of vitamin D daily raises plasma levels to the higher target level recommended by some pediatric societies after three months, while lower dosages can raise plasma levels to the lower target level recommended by the Institute of Medicine.
On the heels of the introduction of a new chewing gum containing as much caffeine as half a cup of coffee, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is taking a closer look at the impact of caffeinated products on children's health.
Extracts of saw palmetto berry used at doses of up to 960mg daily appear to be safe over an 18-month period.
Schools that use fruit slicers to pre-slice fruit report increased fruit sales, more fruit eaten, and less fruit wasted.
Teen mothers are more likely to be overweight or obese later in life compared to women who do not give birth as a teen.
Hospira had notified the public last August that it initiated a voluntary nationwide user-level recall of one lot of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP, 100mL, Flexible Container, NDC 0409-7984-23. Hospira is investigating the root cause.
Saratoga Therapeutics recalled 900 bottles of ebA Multivitamin Supplement because they may contain undeclared milk components such as milk protein(s) and lactose.
Production of the proatherosclerotic metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is dependent on intestinal microbiota metabolism, and increased TMAO levels correlate with the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events.
In men with an initial benign biopsy or transurethral resection of the prostate, obesity is associated with the presence of precancerous lesions in the initial biopsy and a higher risk of developing prostate cancer.
Nora Apothecary and Alternative Therapies issued a voluntary multi-state recall of all sterile drug products compounded by the pharmacy that have not reached expiry that were compounded and dispensed on or before April 19, 2013.
The use of controlling food-related parenting practices, including food restriction and pressure-to-eat, are common among parents of adolescents and vary according to weight status.
Due to concerns with quality control processes, Balanced Solutions Compounding Pharmacy issued a voluntary recall of all lots of sterile products compounded by the pharmacy that are not expired.
Regularly smoking pot is associated with visceral adiposity and adipose tissue insulin resistance, but not other metabolic changes such as impaired β-cell function or hepatic steatosis.
For critically ill patients with multiorgan failure, early supplementation with glutamine or antioxidants does not improve clinical outcomes.
The FDA has approved Vivus, Inc.'s amendment and modification to the Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy for Qsymia extended-release capsules. This amendment allows Qsymia to be dispensed through certified retail pharmacies in addition to the existing certified mail-order pharmacies.
Longer breastfeeding duration is associated with increased odds of iron deficiency in healthy children.
Regardless of body mass index, higher waist-to-hip ratio -- a measure of central adiposity -- is associated with lower glomerular filtration rate, lower effective renal plasma flow, and higher filtration fraction.
For individuals with type 1 diabetes, low concentrations of vitamin D metabolites are not associated with an increased risk of subclinical atherosclerosis.
The FDA has received 60 reports of illnesses and death associated with weight loss supplements containing dimethylamylamine (DMAA). Reported cases include heart problems and CNS or psychiatric disorders.
Despite improvements in aspects of cancer prevention and early detection, American Cancer Society urged more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use and obesity, and expand the use of screening tests could prevent much of the suffering and death of cancer.
Restriction of larger-size sodas, which encourages conversion into bundles of smaller-sized sodas, may increase soda consumption.
The risk of venous thromboembolism among pregnant women is highest if they have had a stillbirth. Risks also increase if the women are obese or have conditions such as varicose veins, inflammatory bowel disease, obstetric hemorrhage, preterm delivery, or cesarean section.
Most overweight adults feel that specific weight-loss benefits offered by health plans would be helpful, but few are willing to pay extra for them.
Calorie reduction rather than the actual Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery seems to account for the improvement in glucose homeostasis in obese patients with type 2 diabetes who undergo RYGB.
Adolescent males with gynecomastia have lower psychosocial well-being than their unaffected peers.
Based on the Cuban experience of 1980-2010, population-wide weight loss and regain seem to correlate with the burden of diabetes and heart disease.
Toenail selenium, which reflects long-term selenium intake, is associated with a decrease in the risk of advanced prostate cancer, especially during later follow-up.
For patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus, body mass index around the time of diagnosis has a U-shaped correlation with mortality.
Lowering salt intake and increasing potassium intake are associated with cardiovascular risk improvements and could have a major impact on global health.
For adolescents, the attention paid to television is positively associated with increased body mass index.
For children and adolescents, there is an inverse association between eating frequency and body weight status, which is evident only in boys when stratified by sex.
The likelihood of diabetes in young adulthood is increased for those who are obese as adolescents and those with persistent obesity, compared to those with adult-onset obesity.
There is some evidence that supplementation with a prebiotic may prevent eczema in formula-fed infants, but more research is needed before routine use of prebiotics can be recommended.
Fitness and obesity are independently associated with cardiometabolic (CM) risk. Obesity was the stronger determinant of CM risk in cases of discordance between fitness and obesity.
Adolescents in the United States are in poor cardiovascular health, with poor diets and insufficient physical activity. While most adolescents had an ideal blood pressure, very few had an ideal Healthy Diet Score.
In-person recruitment at hospital-based prenatal clinics produces the highest yield of early stage pregnant study participants.
After one confirmed report of brass particulates, Hospira is undertaking a voluntary nationwide recall of one lot of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, 1000mL, Flexible Container. The particulate was identified in the primary container appearing as several small gray/brown particles.
NutriForce Sports Omegafort 1200mg Omega-3 4x strength capsules has launched. Primarily targeting pro- and high-level amateur athletes, the nutritional supplement is designed to promote performance and post-activity recovery.
Higher fiber intake is associated with a lower risk of first stroke.
A substantially high number of patients undergoing spinal fusion have a vitamin D deficiency or inadequacy.
There is a significant association between having both high methane and hydrogen results on a breath test and having a higher body mass index.
In low- and middle-income countries, fast linear growth in the first two years of life is associated with increased adult height and completion of more schooling, while higher weight at birth and later in childhood is associated with increased risk of obesity.
Cancer patients with high weight loss, low muscle index, and low muscle attenuation have a poor prognosis--regardless of body mass index.
A supplement containing a combination of lutein, zeaxanthin, and ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids significantly benefits patients with age-related macular degeneration.
About 40% of mothers introduce solid food to their infants before the recommended four months of age, with an even higher prevalence for formula-fed infants.
A behavioral weight-loss intervention can lead to significant weight loss in overweight and obese adults with serious mental illness.
Weight gain is higher in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who receive more intensive glycemic control treatment and is associated with a reduction of A1C from baseline.
For preschool children, consumption of 1-percent/skim milk is associated with overweight/obesity. The odds of being overweight or obese were significantly increased for those drinking 1-percent/skim milk compared with those drinking 2-percent/whole milk.
No association exists between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and bone mineral content in offspring who are 9-10 years old, according to a new study.
MedPrep Consulting Inc. is recalling all lots of all products compounded at its facility after mold was discovered in its magnesium sulfate 2g in dextrose 5% in water, 50mL for injection intravenous solution.
Oral melatonin does not improve appetite, weight, or quality of life for patients with cachexia due to advanced cancer.
Besides the usual risk factors for childhood obesity, the condition may a risk factor for higher mortality in hospitalized children with critical illnesses, oncologic diagnoses, or transplants.
Even if you take into account the weight gain that usually follows, quitting smoking still reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in people without diabetes, according to a new study.
While promoting breastfeeding increases breastfeeding rates, it has no effect on the risk of overweight or obesity in children. The study looked at children at a median age of 11.5 years.
Three studies found that a salty diet may contribute to the development of autoimmune diseases. Salt seems to cause enzymes to stimulate the creation of the helper T-cells.
For patients with chronic, severe, treatment-refractory anorexia nervosa, deep brain stimulation (DBS) seems to be a safe treatment option.
Reduction of visceral fat through surgery or diet reduces intestinal tumors in mice, with clear differences between males and females.
Maternal adiposity correlates with thickening of the aortic wall in newborns.
Bariatric surgery candidates who meet relatively low thresholds of physical activity are less likely to have recently received treatment for anxiety or depression compared with less active people.
Targeted Medical Pharma announced new results from an open label study of its oral amino acid-based erythrocyte stimulating system (ESS) for the treatment of chronic anemia.
Kythera Biopharmaceuticals announced positive interim results from a Phase 3b study (ATX-101-11-26) to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ATX-101, an investigational injectable drug for the reduction of unwanted submental fat (SMF), also known as double chin.
For patients with known risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus, sedentary time is detrimentally linked to cardiometabolic health markers, and may be a more important indicator than moderate-to-vigorous physical activity.
Evidence suggests that there may be a connection between acne and diet, particularly foods with a high glycemic index.
Feeding obese-prone rats a high-fat diet leads to impaired satiation signaling through glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), a gastrointestinal hormone that suppresses food intake and helps regulate energy balance.
Obesity and physical inactivity are associated with a higher risk of WNT/β-catenin (CTNNB1)-negative colorectal cancer, but are not associated with CTNNB1-positive cancer risk.
Scimera BioScience announced the launch of Asprega ProPac (saccharomyces boulardii 20 billion CFUs) delayed-release capsules, a probiotic to relive gastrointestinal side effects of antibiotic therapy including antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD).
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) policy restricting coverage of bariatric surgery to hospitals designated as centers of excellence (COEs) has not been associated with an improvement in bariatric surgery outcomes.
Insufficient sleep affects gene regulation, including genes associated with circadian rhythms, sleep homeostasis, oxidative stress, and metabolism.
Avion Pharmaceuticals announced the launch of FeRiva capsules, a new prescription iron supplement.
For non-institutionalized postmenopausal women, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against daily supplementation with ≤400IU of vitamin D3 and ≤1,000mg of calcium for primary prevention of fractures, and a lack of evidence impairs the provision of recommendations for other populations.
More than 11% of adults' daily calorie consumption comes from fast foods
Over the last decade, caloric intake has fallen for most age groups among children and adolescents in the United States.