Post-Op Pain May be Tied to Stress in Young Scoliosis Patients

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In adolescents undergoing scoliosis surgery, anxiety and depression higher before procedure
In adolescents undergoing scoliosis surgery, anxiety and depression higher before procedure

HealthDay News — Attention to preoperative stress in adolescents undergoing scoliosis surgery may reduce levels of postoperative pain as well as anxiety and social and attention problems in the recovery period, according to a study published online February 22 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

Anna-Clara Rullander, RN, PhD, from Umeå University in Sweden, and colleagues assessed 37 adolescents' experiences before scoliosis surgery and again at six to eight months after surgery.

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The researchers found that rates of anxiety/depression and internalizing behavior were significantly higher before surgery than at six months after. There was a significant correlation between preoperative anger, social problems, and attention problems and postoperative pain on day three. There was a similar correlation between postoperative pain and anxiety, social problems, and attention problems at follow-up.

"The results of this study indicate a need for interventions to reduce perioperative stress and postoperative pain to improve the quality of nursing care," the authors write.

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