Osteoporosis, Fracture Risk in Parkinson's Disease Patients
the MPR take:
As chronic diseases linked to aging, single studies have found connections between Parkinson’s disease (PD), osteoporosis, reduction in bone mineral density (BMD), and fracture risk. A literature review published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry examined 23 articles and reported that compared to healthy controls, PD patients were at higher risk of osteoporosis, with female PD patients at a higher risk compared to males. BMD levels in PD patients were lower for hip, lumbar spine, and the femoral neck. All PD patients had an increased risk of fractures compared to healthy controls with hip fractures accounting for 50% of fractures in PD patients. Vertebral fractures were most common in healthy controls. The authors recommend an integrated approach of assessing the risk of falls and fractures, along with exploring the secondary causes of osteoporosis in PD patients.
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