Survival in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis Impacted by LVEF

Poorer outcomes seen for LVEF <50%, 50 to 59% compared with ≥70%
Poorer outcomes seen for LVEF <50%, 50 to 59% compared with ≥70%

HealthDay News — For patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below 60% is associated with impaired survival, according to a study published online December 27 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

Tomohiko Taniguchi, MD, from the Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine in Japan, and colleagues examined the prognostic impact of LVEF in 3,794 patients with severe AS. The patients were categorized into four groups according to LVEF at index echocardiography: <50%, 50 to 59%, 60 to 69%, and ≥70% (conservative strategy: 388, 390, 1,025, and 800 patients, respectively; initial aortic valve replacement (AVR) strategy: 206, 170, 375, and 440 patients, respectively). 

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The researchers found that the cumulative 5-year incidence of the primary outcome measure (composite of aortic valve-related death or heart failure hospitalization) was significantly higher in patients with LVEF <50% and 50 to 59% compared to those with LVEF 60 to 69% and ≥70% in the conservative group; the negative effect of low LVEF was markedly attenuated in the initial AVR group. Compared with LVEF ≥70%, LVEF <50% and 50 to 59%, but not 60 to 69%, were independently associated with poorer outcomes in the conservative group, after adjustment for confounders.

"Survival in severe AS is impaired when LVEF is <60%, and these findings have implications for decision-making with regards to timing of surgical intervention," the authors write.

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