How Accurate Are Parent-Reported Penicillin Allergies?

Follow-up of 100 children found none were allergic to penicillin
Follow-up of 100 children found none were allergic to penicillin

HealthDay News — Many children suspected of being allergic to penicillin actually aren't, according to a study published online July 3 in Pediatrics.

David Vyles, DO, an attending pediatric emergency medicine physician at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, and colleagues analyzed questionnaires from 597 parents of children aged 4 to 18 that described their child's reported allergy symptoms. The families came to an urban pediatric emergency department over a span of 19 months.

The researchers found that 302 of the children had previously experienced low-risk symptoms for penicillin allergy, including rash, vomiting, or diarrhea, according to parents. Of those, 100 children were tested for penicillin allergy using a standard, three-part testing process. All 100 children tested were found not to be allergic to penicillin and had the designation removed from their medical record. 

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"Our results suggest that low-risk symptoms of parent-reported penicillin allergy in the pediatric emergency department do not correspond to true allergy when evaluated by the standard three-tier testing process," the authors write. "Utilization of this questionnaire in the pediatric emergency department may facilitate increased use of first-line penicillin antibiotics."

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