Study: People With Hypertension Prefer Higher Salt Taste

ASH: People With Hypertension Prefer Higher Salt Taste
ASH: People With Hypertension Prefer Higher Salt Taste

(HealthDay News) – People with hypertension have a taste for more salt in their food than do individuals with normotension, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hypertension, held from May 15–18 in San Francisco.

Patricia T.M. Villela, from the University of São Paulo in Brazil, and colleagues gave French bread with three different concentrations of added salt (421.2, 648 and 874.8mg sodium/100g) to 28 treated hypertensive and 16 normotensive older individuals (mean age, 73.5 years). Two weeks later, participants had another taste test with other seasonings added to the salted bread samples. Participants answered questions following each sample. Measurements of body mass index, blood pressure, and 24-hour urinary sodium excretion were taken.

The researchers found that, at the first tasting, 68% of hypertensive and 31% of normotensive volunteers preferred the bread sample with higher salt concentration (P=0.06). During the second tasting, only 14% of hypertensive and 0% of normotensive volunteers preferred the bread sample with higher salt concentration (P=0.35).

"Hypertensive older individuals consume more salt and have higher salt appetite than normotensive ones, and the seasoned bread assists in choice of food with less salt," the authors write.

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