Compared to watchful waiting, early adenotonsillectomy improves some symptoms, but not attention or executive function, in school-age children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
There is a higher chance of early bronchiectasis in children with cystic fibrosis among those patients with neutrophil elastase activity in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid early in life.
Treatment with escitalopram reduces mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) in patients with heart disease and MSIMI.
In 2008-2010, the prevalence of key health behaviors among U.S. adults varied, with about one in five adults current smokers and 62.1% overweight or obese.
For critically ill patients with relative contraindications to early enteral nutrition, the provision of early parenteral nutrition is not associated with reductions in day-60 mortality.
Factors such as increased case finding may explain why Michigan had half of the total spinal infections associated with contaminated methylprednisolone acetate in the recent fungal meningitis outbreak.
Among men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer the risk for other-cause mortality increases with the number of comorbid conditions, particularly in older men.
For patients in the intensive care unit receiving acute ventilatory support for respiratory failure, self-initiated patient-directed music can reduce anxiety and sedation frequency and intensity more effectively than usual care.
For patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), prolonged prone positioning during mechanical ventilation is associated with significantly reduced mortality at 28 and 90 days.
Obese and overweight adults can improve symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease by losing weight, while regaining even small amounts of weight can worsen symptoms.