Obese Women May Face Significantly Higher Cancer Risk
Overall, the Cancer Research UK study found that obese women have about a one in four risk of developing a weight-related cancer in their lifetime. Those include cancers of the bowel, gallbladder, uterus, kidney, pancreas, and esophagus, as well as post-menopausal breast cancers. Among obese British women, 274 in every 1,000 will develop a weight-associated cancer in their lifetime, compared with 194 in 1,000 healthy weight women, the study found.
There are a number of possible ways that obesity can increase cancer risk in women, including one that's linked to fat cells' production of hormones, especially estrogen, which is believed to fuel cancer development, according to Cancer Research UK. However, everyone can lower their risk by trimming their waistline, one expert said.
"Lifestyle changes – like not smoking, keeping a healthy weight, eating a healthy diet, and cutting back on alcohol – are the big opportunities for us all to personally reduce our cancer risk," Julie Sharp, PhD, head of health information at Cancer Research UK, said in a news release from the organization. "Making these changes is not a guarantee against cancer, but it stacks the odds in our favor."