Low Birth Weight Linked to Diabetes Risk in Black Women
(HealthDay News) – Low birth weight is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in black women, independent of body mass index, according to research published in the September issue of Diabetes Care.
Edward A. Ruiz-Narváez, ScD, of the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, and colleagues analyzed data from 16 years of follow-up for a prospective cohort of 21,624 participants from the Black Women's Health Study. The authors sought to assess the association between birth weight and incident type 2 diabetes.
The researchers found that women with very low birth weight (<1,500g), compared with those with normal birth weight (2,500–3,999g), were at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (incidence rate ratio, 1.4). Women with low birth weight (1,500–2,499g), compared with those with normal birth weight, also had an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (incidence rate ratio, 1.13). This association remained almost the same after adjustment for body mass index.
"Very low and low birth weight appear to be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in African-American women and the association does not seem to be mediated through body mass index," the authors write.