IOM Model Evaluates Obesity Prevention
(HealthDay News) – A framework has been developed for evaluating national obesity prevention efforts, according to a report published by the Institute of Medicine.
Lawrence W. Green, DrP.H, MPH, from the University of California in San Francisco, and colleagues describe their attempt to develop a plan for evaluating national obesity prevention efforts and to develop a community-level measurement plan to support the national evaluation plan. A vision statement and framework of the evaluation process that could lead to achievement of this vision were developed.
The evaluation framework depicts resources and inputs, strategies and actions, and outcomes that are important for prevention. Inputs include user/stakeholder needs, context and principles for evaluation, and resources. Activities comprise identification of indicators and measures of success and development of evaluation plans and resources for training, assistance, and dissemination. Outputs include care indicators and measures, recommendations and guidance, and support for implementation. The short-term outcomes of this model will be improved evaluation capacity and training, while longer-term outcomes will include increased evaluation activities and enhanced data use. The model will impact partnerships, environments, policies, and behaviors, with the intention of altering energy expenditure/intake, overweight and obesity, and population health and well-being.
"This framework addresses the full spectrum of resources or inputs to consider, activities to undertake, and the expected outputs, outcomes, and impacts that would result in fully realizing this vision," the authors write. "As such, the framework seeks to inform a systems perspective on the full range of influences on obesity and their relationships to each other."