Intensive Glucose Control Shown to Half ESKD Risk in 10 Year Study

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In-trial reduction in risk of ESKD seen in ADVANCE trial persists after 9.9 years of follow-up
In-trial reduction in risk of ESKD seen in ADVANCE trial persists after 9.9 years of follow-up

HealthDay News — For patients with type 2 diabetes, intensive glucose control has long-term benefits for preventing end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), according to a study published online March 22 in Diabetes Care.

Muh Geot Wong, MD, PhD, from the University of Sydney, and colleagues examined the long-term effects of intensive glucose control on the risk of ESKD and other outcomes in survivors of the Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron Modified Released Controlled Evaluation (ADVANCE) trial. A total of 8,494 ADVANCE participants, who had previously been randomized to intensive or standard glucose control, participated in a post-trial follow-up.

The researchers found that by the first post-trial visit, in-trial hemoglobin A1c differences disappeared. After 9.9 years of overall follow-up, the in-trial reduction in the risk of ESKD (7 vs. 20 events; hazard ratio, 0.35; P=0.02) persisted (29 versus 53 events; hazard ratio, 0.54; P<0.01). Greater effects were seen in earlier-stage chronic kidney disease (P=0.04) and at lower levels of baseline systolic blood pressure (P= 0.01). The glucose lowering effects on death, cardiovascular death, or major cardiovascular event risks did not vary according to levels of kidney function (P> 0.26).

"Intensive glucose control was associated with a long-term reduction in ESKD, without evidence of any increased risk of cardiovascular events or death," the authors write. "These benefits were greater with preserved kidney function and with well-controlled blood pressure."

Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry; the ADVANCE trial and ADVANCE-ON follow-up study were partially funded by grants from Servier.

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