First Ever Uterus Transplant Performed in U.S.

'Life-enhancing' procedure offers women without a uterus a chance at pregnancy
'Life-enhancing' procedure offers women without a uterus a chance at pregnancy

HealthDay News — Cleveland Clinic surgeons this week performed the nation's first uterus transplant. The transplanted uterus came from a deceased donor, and the 26-year-old recipient was in stable condition following the nine-hour procedure, her doctors said Thursday.

Sweden, the world leader in uterus transplants, reported the first successful birth via womb transplant in 2014. As of last September, nine transplants had been performed in that country, resulting in five pregnancies and four births. In Sweden, however, live donors are used.

Women who might be candidates for such a transplant have ovaries but were either born without a uterus, have lost it, or have suffered irreversible uterine damage, the hospital explained. The condition (uterine factor infertility) affects 3 to 5% of women worldwide.

The current patient, who was not identified, must wait a year before attempting pregnancy, according to published reports. That should give doctors time to adjust medication needed to prevent organ rejection. Previously, doctors removed her eggs, fertilized them with her husband's sperm, and froze them for future use. The hospital said it plans to provide more details next week.

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