Dengue Fever, Chikungunya Cases Spark Concern in Florida
the MPR take:
Forty-two cases of mosquito-borne disease (24 cases of dengue fever; 18 cases of chikungunya) have been reported in the state of Florida. Those affected had recently traveled to the Caribbean and South America, where officials believe they probably contracted the diseases. For patients affected with dengue virus the spectrum of illness can range from mild, non-specific febrile syndrome to classic dengue fever, to severe forms of the disease, dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Early recognition of dengue infection and anticipatory treatment for those who develop dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome is crucial. Chikungunya virus is often characterized by acute onset of fever and polyarthralgia. Other symptoms include headache, myalgia, arthritis, conjunctivitis, nausea, vomiting, and maculopapular rash. Lab findings may include lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, elevated creatinine, and elevated liver enzymes. Acute symptoms usually resolve within 7–10 days.
After 42 Floridians came down with dangerous mosquito-borne diseases, state officials advised citizens on Wednesday to take steps to protect themselves against bug bites. The Florida Department of Health announced 24 confirmed cases of dengue fever as of last week, and 18 confirmed cases of chikungunya, both viruses that do not have vaccines to prevent.
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