Codeine Rx for Children: Only Slight Dip Since 2001
the MPR take:
Despite national guidelines issued in 2006 recommending against codeine use in children, pediatric codeine prescription rates in emergency departments have only declined slightly over the past 10 years. In a study published in Pediatrics, data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey of emergency department visits for patients ages 3–17 years from 2001–2010 was analyzed for changes in pediatric codeine prescriptions. The proportion of visits with pediatric codeine prescription decreased from 3.7% to 2.9% during the study period (P = .008), but not for cough or upper respiratory infections (URI). The authors emphasize that more effective interventions are necessary to prevent codeine use in children.
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