Adolescent ADHD Predictor of Problems in Adulthood
(HealthDay News) – Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence is a major predictor of physical, mental, work, and financial problems in adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Pediatrics.
Judith S. Brook, EdD, of the New York University School of Medicine in New York City, and colleagues conducted a longitudinal study to evaluate the relationship between ADHD in adolescence and impaired general physical and mental health, antisocial personality disorder, impaired work performance, and high financial stress in adulthood. Participants underwent six assessments spanning mean ages from 14–37 years.
The researchers found that ADHD in adolescence as related to internal stress in adulthood correlated with a significantly increased likelihood of impaired general physical health (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.82), impaired general mental health (aOR, 2.36), and antisocial personality disorder (aOR, 3.28). ADHD in adolescence as related to external stress in adulthood correlated with a significantly increased likelihood of impaired work performance (aOR, 2.46) and high financial stress (aOR, 3.33).
"Because ADHD in adolescence can have severe long-term repercussions, it is important that clinicians diagnose and treat ADHD as early as possible," the authors write. "Future research should also attempt to clarify the factors that can alter the course of ADHD from adolescence to adulthood. In addition, future research will profit from examining the mechanisms that operate between ADHD and internal and external stress."