MAXIPIME Rx

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MAXIPIME

Bacterial infections
Only 4 drugs may be compared at once

Generic Name and Formulations:

Cefepime (as HCl) 500mg, 1g, 2g; pwd for IV infusion or IM inj after reconstitution.

Company:

Pfizer Inc.

Select therapeutic use:

Indications for MAXIPIME:

Susceptible infections, including moderate-to-severe pneumonia, uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, complicated and uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) including pyelonephritis, complicated intraabdominal in adults (w. metronidazole). Empiric therapy in febrile neutropenia.

Adult:

When giving IV, infuse over 30mins. Pneumonia: 1–2g IV every 8–12hrs for 10 days. Skin and skin structures, severe UTIs: 2g IV every 12hrs for 10 days. Mild-to-moderate UTIs: 500mg–1g IV or IM every 12hrs for 7–10 days (IM only for UTIs caused by E. coli). Intraabdominal (use w. metronidazole): 2g IV every 8–12hrs for 7–10 days. Febrile neutropenia: 2g IV every 8hrs for 7 days or until neutropenia resolves. CrCl ≤60mL/min: reduce dose; see full labeling. Hemodialysis: give dose after each session. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: give usual doses at 48hr intervals.

Children:

<2mos: not established. Not for use in serious infection when pathogen is or may be H. influenzae type b. 2mos–16yrs (≤40kg): 50mg/kg/dose every 12hrs (every 8hrs for P. aeruginosa pneumonia); do not exceed recommended adult dose. Severe UTIs, pneumonia, skin and skin structure: give IV for 10 days. Mild-to-moderate UTIs: give IV or IM for 7–10 days (IM only for UTIs caused by E. coli). Febrile neutropenia: give IV every 8hrs for 7 days or until neutropenia resolves.

Contraindications:

Penicillin or other β-lactam allergy.

Warnings/Precautions:

Renal impairment. Risk of neurotoxicity (esp. in renally-impaired); discontinue if occurs and treat appropriately. Renal or hepatic dysfunction, poor nutritional state, prolonged antimicrobial therapy: monitor prothrombin time. History of GI disease (esp. colitis). Labor & delivery. Pregnancy (Cat.B). Nursing mothers.

Interactions:

Aminoglycosides may potentiate oto- or nephrotoxicity. Possible nephrotoxicity with diuretics (eg, furosemide). May cause false (+) Coomb's, Clinitest.

Pharmacological Class:

Cephalosporin.

Adverse Reactions:

Local reactions (eg, pain, phlebitis, inflammation), rash, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, pruritus, fever, headache, anemia, renal dysfunction; neurotoxicity, C. difficile associated diarrhea, hypersensitivity reactions.

Metabolism:

Hepatic.

Elimination:

Renal.

Generic Availability:

YES

How Supplied:

Vials (500mg)—10; 1g, 2g—10, 25