Labor And Delivery

Does Antiepileptic Drug Use Contribute to Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes?

By August 14, 2017

Women with epilepsy were at increased risk of adverse pregnancy and delivery outcomes.

Diet, Physical Activity During Pregnancy May Influence C-Section Risk

July 21, 2017

The researchers found that, overall, interventions were associated with a 9% reduction in risk of cesarean section, and a 24% reduction in risk of developing gestational diabetes.

Causes of Pregnancy-Related Death Examined in the United States

July 18, 2017

Increases in pregnancy-related mortality ratios with maternal age, and racial-ethnic disparities persist

High Rate of Preeclampsia Underscores Need for New Strategies, Study Finds

July 12, 2017

The findings are particularly important because preeclampsia cases rose from 2.4% of pregnancies in 1980 to 3.8% in 2010, the researchers said.

Maternal Ingestion of Placenta Capsules Linked to Bacteremia in Infant

By July 06, 2017

While the clinicians could not rule out the possibility of transmission from a colonized household member, their final diagnosis was late-onset GBS disease attributable to high maternal colonization secondary to consumption of GBS-infected placental tissue.

CDC: Teen Birth Rates Reach Record Low

July 05, 2017

CDC researchers used birth records for nearly 100% of the births in the United States in 2016. The teen birth rate was 20.3 births per 1,000 female teens in 2016, compared to 41.5 births per 1,000 in 2007, according to the report.

Fetal Demise, Preterm Birth High in Diabetic Ketoacidosis

June 21, 2017

The researchers found that fetal demise, preterm birth, and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions occurred in 15.6, 46.3, and 59% of pregnancies, respectively.

Opioid Rx Often Exceeds Amount Needed After C-Section

June 12, 2017

The largest of the 3 new studies involved 720 C-section patients at 6 U.S. medical centers, 85.4% of whom filled an opioid prescription when they left the hospital.

Ideal Magnesium Sulfate Dose ID'd for Fetal Neuroprotection

By June 07, 2017

The analysis found that the simulated maternal serum concentration associated with the lowest probability of infant cerebral palsy was 4.1mg/dL, while the simulated total administered magnesium dose associated with the lowest probability of delivering an infant with cerebral palsy was 64g.

Anticoagulation During Pregnancy Linked to Distinct Maternal, Fetal Risks

June 02, 2017

VKA, LMWH tied to lowest risk of adverse maternal, fetal outcomes, respectively

These Antibiotics Were Found to Increase Miscarriage Risk

By May 01, 2017

In general, an increased risk of spontaneous abortion was seen with the use of macrolides (except erythromycin), quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides, and metronidazole during early pregnancy.

Artificial 'Womb' Could Potentially Up Survival of Extremely Premature Infants

By April 26, 2017

Five lamb fetuses of 105 to 108 days of gestation were run for 25-28 days, and three fetuses of 115 to 120 days of gestation were run for 20-28 days.

USPSTF Issues Statement on Preeclampsia Screening

April 26, 2017

Grade B recommendation suggests substantial net benefit for screening for pre-eclampsia

Does Prenatal Antidepressant Exposure Up Risk of ADHD, Autism?

By April 18, 2017

Autism spectrum disorder was diagnosed by age 15 in 5.28% of exposed vs. 2.14% of unexposed babies; 12.63% of exposed vs. 5.46% of unexposed babies were diagnosed with ADHD by age 15.

Is Maternal Health During Pregnancy Tied to Offspring MS Risk?

March 31, 2017

The researchers found that maternal illness during pregnancy correlated with 2.3-fold increased odds of having mulitple sclerosis.

Preemie Mortality, Morbidity Determined After Corticosteroid Exposure

March 31, 2017

The researchers found that infants exposed to antenatal corticosteroids (81,832 participants) had a significantly lower rate of death before discharge at each gestation 29 weeks or less.

Dietary Supplement May Reduce Vulnerability to Postpartum Blues

March 14, 2017

Supplement designed to counter functions of elevated monoamine oxidase activity

Does Treating Subclinical Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy Improve Cognitive Outcomes in Children?

March 02, 2017

Subclinical hypothyroidism, hypothyroxinemia tx in pregnancy not linked to improved outcomes

ACOG Updates Recommendations on Carrier Screening

February 27, 2017

Ethnic-specific, panethnic, and expanded carrier screening are all acceptable screening strategies.

AAP: Prevention Not Punishment for Women Who Use Opioids During Pregnancy

February 21, 2017

Group says better prevention and treatment, not jail time, would stem surge in drug-addicted newborns

U.S. Survival Rates Assessed for Periviable Infants

February 16, 2017

The investigators found that overall survival of periviable infants rose from 30% at the start of the research to 36% in the last time period

Can Glucose Supplementation Shorten Labor in Induced Women?

By February 13, 2017

A study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology reports that the total length of induced labor may be reduced with the use of glucose supplementation.

Prevalence of Opioid Rx Fills After Vaginal Delivery Examined

February 10, 2017

28.2 percent of those who filled prescription within five days of delivery had pain-inducing condition

Outcomes Examined for Azithromycin Administered in Labor

January 31, 2017

Administration of azithromycin during labor is associated with a reduction in maternal and neonatal clinical infections, according to a study published online January 27 in Pediatrics.

Can New Initiatives Cut NTSV Cesarean Rates and Be Safe?

January 31, 2017

Quality improvement initiatives, including provider education and feedback, can reduce the nulliparous term singleton vertex (NTSV) cesarean delivery rate, according to a study published in the February issue of The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

Postpartum Depression and Synthetic Oxytocin: What's the Link?

By January 30, 2017

Peripartum exposure to synthetic oxytocin may increase the risk of postpartum depression or anxiety disorders. These are the findings of a new study published in the journal, Depression and Anxiety.

Efficacy of Antiplatelets Assessed for Spontaneous Preterm Birth Risk

January 17, 2017

Among women at risk for preeclampsia, antiplatelet agents reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 and less than 34 weeks of gestation, according to a meta-analysis published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Preterm Risk Up For Subsequent Births After Pregnancy Termination

January 17, 2017

A short interpregnancy interval after termination of pregnancy is associated with increased risk of preterm birth in subsequent birth, according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Links Between Preeclampsia and Later Retinal Disease Examined

December 15, 2016

Preeclampsia is associated with increased risk of maternal retinal disease, especially traction detachments, retinal breaks, and diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.