Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies show that a single dose of methylphenidate increases activation in specific areas of the brain in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
A customized bioresorbable tracheal splint manufactured with the use of a three-dimensional printer has been successfully implanted into an infant with localized tracheobronchomalacia.
The total annual costs associated with stroke are projected to rise to $240.67 billion by 2030.
The initial results from the National Lung Screening Trial concur with the literature, with more positive screening results, diagnostic procedures, and lung cancers detected with low-dose computed tomography vs. chest radiography screening.
Even mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy is associated with adverse child cognitive development.
Athletes with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) can safely participate in competitive sports.
Sodium and water restriction are unnecessary in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).
For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) hospitalized for a respiratory-related event, administration of azithromycin is associated with a prolonged time to next respiratory hospitalization.
For HIV-infected individuals with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection, fecal microbiota therapy is feasible.
Compared to watchful waiting, early adenotonsillectomy improves some symptoms, but not attention or executive function, in school-age children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.