Select therapeutic use:
Indications for Diphenoxylate HCl/Atropine Sulfate Oral Solution:
Adjunct therapy in the management of diarrhea.
10mL 4 times daily until diarrhea is controlled; max 20mg/day. Maintenance: 10mL daily. Discontinue if no improvement within 10 days after treatment with max dose.
See full labeling. <2yrs: not recommended. 2–12yrs: initially 0.3–0.4mg/kg in 4 divided doses until diarrhea is controlled. Maintenance: 25% of initial dose; max 48hrs.
Obstructive jaundice. Diarrhea associated with pseudomembranous enterocolitis or other enterotoxin-producing bacteria.
Dehydration. Electrolyte imbalance. Acute ulcerative colitis; discontinue if toxic megacolon occurs. Hepatic or renal impairment. Drug abusers. Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers.
Concomitant MAOIs may cause hypertensive crisis; avoid use. Potentiates sedation with alcohol, CNS depressants (eg, barbiturates, tranquilizers). May delay elimination of other drugs metabolized by CPY450.
Opioid + anticholinergic.
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, paralytic ileus, toxic megacolon, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, euphoria, tachycardia, numbness of extremities, pruritus, urticaria, angioneurotic edema, anticholinergic effects; respiratory depression (overdosage), atropinism (esp in pediatrics with Down's syndrome).