Addiction/dependence

One-Step Drug Test Cup Gains FDA Clearance for OTC Use

By August 16, 2017

The FDA's marketing clearance applies to 13 commonly abused drugs; there are multiple cut-off options available for certain drugs.

Is ED-Initiated Buprenorphine for Opioid Dependence Cost Effective?

By August 16, 2017

Results showed that the mean costs over the next 30 days after ED visits were $1,752, $1,805 and $1,977 for ED-initiated buprenorphine, referral alone and brief intervention with facilitated referral, respectively.

Opioid Epidemic Declared National Emergency

By August 11, 2017

Among the areas likely to benefit from increased funding are treatment centers, with the White House panel recommending rules be waived so that Medicaid recipients can get treatment for their addictions.

DEA Issues Comprehensive 'Drug Slang' List to Aid in Abuse Identification

August 11, 2017

In light of the plethora of street names used to refer to a number of drugs, the DEA has issued a comprehensive list for common drugs.

Reasons for Buprenorphine Underuse ID'd in Physician Survey

August 04, 2017

The main reasons that physicians with waivers indicated no willingness to increase prescribing were lack of belief in agonist treatment (odds ratio, 3.98), lack of time for additional patients (odds ratio, 5.54), and belief that reimbursement rates are insufficient (odds ratio, 2.50).

Opioid Epidemic Needs to Be Declared a National Emergency, Says Special Commission

By August 01, 2017

The final recommendations - expected in the Fall - if implemented, will ensure that the Federal Government operates as a strong partner in the fight against addiction and the opioid crisis.

ACOG Issues Guidance for Pregnancies Affected by Substance Abuse

July 28, 2017

The authors noted that there may be a select group of women who make an informed choice of medically supervised withdrawal, which should be under the care of an experienced physician and include long-term follow-up and support to help prevent relapse.

SAMHSA Evaluate Opioid Abuse Among Over 50s in the U.S.

July 27, 2017

Rates of opioid abuse among young adults - aged 18 to 25 - decreased from 11.5% in 2002 to 8.1% in 2014. But in adults 50 years and older, opioid abuse doubled, from 1.1 to 2.0%

ADHD Med Adherence and Long-Term Substance Abuse Risk Examined

July 25, 2017

Patrick Quinn, PhD, of Indiana University Bloomington, and colleagues looked at data from 2,993,887 Americans with ADHD.

New Urine Test Quickly Detects Commonly Abused Rx Drugs

By July 19, 2017

The rapid detection tests consists of a self-contained collection cup and test device with auto-activated results seen in 5 minutes with no tipping of the cup.

DEA Proposes Rule to Deschedule Naldemedine

By July 18, 2017

Recently, Shionogi and Purdue received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for naldemedine (Symproic) in the treatment of opioid-induced constipation in adults with chronic non-cancer pain.

Tramadol ER Looks Promising for Opioid Withdrawal Management

July 14, 2017

The data showed patients receiving buprenorphine (90.3%) were significantly more likely to be retained at the end of the taper vs. patients receiving clonidine (66.1%) but retention with tramadol ER (72.2%) was moderate and did not significantly differ from that of the other treatment arms (P=0.01).

Drug Tampering by Healthcare Worker Causes Outbreak at Hospital

By July 07, 2017

The investigation found that that the nurse had replaced the active medication with saline or another solution. All of the patients recovered except one who died from a sepsis infection.

Excessive Alcohol Consumption Linked to Biological Aging

June 27, 2017

"Our study showed that alcoholic patients have a shortened telomere length, which means that heavy drinking causes biological aging at a cellular level," said lead researchers, Naruhisa Yamaki, MD.

Nationwide Teen Binge Drinking Survey Results Released

June 26, 2017

The findings are based on an annual survey of 67,500 individuals in the United States aged 12 and older.

Medical Addiction Treatments Severely Lacking for Those Under 25

June 20, 2017

Over the study period, only 26.8% of young people treated for addiction to prescription opioids or heroin received either buprenorphine or naltrexone.

More Than Half of Overdose Deaths Linked to This Opioid

June 19, 2017

Researchers found that most of the 149 drug users they surveyed and interviewed feared and disliked fentanyl.

NAS Proving to be 'Enormous' Burden for Hospitals

June 16, 2017

By 2012, neonatal abstinence syndrome was costing the United States nearly $316 million in hospital care — up from $61 million in 2003.

Are U.S. Drinking Guidelines Too Liberal?

June 08, 2017

Overall, moderate drinkers were more than 3 times as likely as abstainers to show abnormal levels of atrophy in the right hippocampus. That included people who averaged 14 to 21 units of alcohol each week.

Reversing Heart Damage in Meth Users Possible with Cessation

May 31, 2017

Only those who stop using the drug can reap cardiac benefits, researchers say

Have Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs Affected Misuse?

May 25, 2017

The researchers found that states that enforced a "must access" policy for prescription drug databases saw greater drops in the number of patients who got more than a 7-month supply of opioid meds in just 6 months.

How Risky is 'Social Smoking' to Cardiovascular Health?

May 08, 2017

Among both groups of smokers, rates of hypertension were about 75% and rates of elevated cholesterol were about 54%, according to the investigators.

Treatments Compared for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

May 05, 2017

Sublingual buprenorphine linked to shorter duration of treatment, length of hospital stay

Has Medical Marijuana Legalization Affected Illicit Use?

April 27, 2017

The researchers found that illicit cannabis use in states that passed medical marijuana laws increased significantly more than illicit cannabis use in other states.

Wearable Devices Growing but Data Collection Remains a Challenge

April 24, 2017

Data from wearables do not always flow into electronic health record (EHR) systems, or do not appear in a format that physicians can use.

Half Billion Grant to Combat Substance Abuse Given Green Light

April 24, 2017

Money to be used to train health professionals, foster prescription drug monitoring programs

Movement Disorders Examined in Current, Past Stimulant Drug Users

By April 21, 2017

The researchers concluded that stimulant drug use may result in acute stimulant-induced tremor as well as long-term proprioceptive deficits in terms of arm-droop.

First Syringe Vending Machine Launches in U.S.

By April 14, 2017

To use the machines, users will need to register with Trac-B Exchange at which point they will be given a card and a unique code.

Persistent Post-Op Opioid Use Tied to Factors Other than Surgical Pain

April 13, 2017

Data was evaluated for 36,177 surgery patients who had never taken opioids previously.

Recreational 'Poppers' Linked to Blurriness and Blind Spots

April 12, 2017

The 6 products with isopropyl nitrite were associated with visual problems while the 2 without were not.