The FDA's marketing clearance applies to 13 commonly abused drugs; there are multiple cut-off options available for certain drugs.
Results showed that the mean costs over the next 30 days after ED visits were $1,752, $1,805 and $1,977 for ED-initiated buprenorphine, referral alone and brief intervention with facilitated referral, respectively.
Among the areas likely to benefit from increased funding are treatment centers, with the White House panel recommending rules be waived so that Medicaid recipients can get treatment for their addictions.
In light of the plethora of street names used to refer to a number of drugs, the DEA has issued a comprehensive list for common drugs.
The main reasons that physicians with waivers indicated no willingness to increase prescribing were lack of belief in agonist treatment (odds ratio, 3.98), lack of time for additional patients (odds ratio, 5.54), and belief that reimbursement rates are insufficient (odds ratio, 2.50).
The final recommendations - expected in the Fall - if implemented, will ensure that the Federal Government operates as a strong partner in the fight against addiction and the opioid crisis.
The authors noted that there may be a select group of women who make an informed choice of medically supervised withdrawal, which should be under the care of an experienced physician and include long-term follow-up and support to help prevent relapse.
Rates of opioid abuse among young adults - aged 18 to 25 - decreased from 11.5% in 2002 to 8.1% in 2014. But in adults 50 years and older, opioid abuse doubled, from 1.1 to 2.0%
The rapid detection tests consists of a self-contained collection cup and test device with auto-activated results seen in 5 minutes with no tipping of the cup.
Recently, Shionogi and Purdue received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for naldemedine (Symproic) in the treatment of opioid-induced constipation in adults with chronic non-cancer pain.
The data showed patients receiving buprenorphine (90.3%) were significantly more likely to be retained at the end of the taper vs. patients receiving clonidine (66.1%) but retention with tramadol ER (72.2%) was moderate and did not significantly differ from that of the other treatment arms (P=0.01).
The investigation found that that the nurse had replaced the active medication with saline or another solution. All of the patients recovered except one who died from a sepsis infection.
"Our study showed that alcoholic patients have a shortened telomere length, which means that heavy drinking causes biological aging at a cellular level," said lead researchers, Naruhisa Yamaki, MD.
Over the study period, only 26.8% of young people treated for addiction to prescription opioids or heroin received either buprenorphine or naltrexone.
Overall, moderate drinkers were more than 3 times as likely as abstainers to show abnormal levels of atrophy in the right hippocampus. That included people who averaged 14 to 21 units of alcohol each week.
The researchers found that states that enforced a "must access" policy for prescription drug databases saw greater drops in the number of patients who got more than a 7-month supply of opioid meds in just 6 months.
Among both groups of smokers, rates of hypertension were about 75% and rates of elevated cholesterol were about 54%, according to the investigators.
The researchers found that illicit cannabis use in states that passed medical marijuana laws increased significantly more than illicit cannabis use in other states.
Data from wearables do not always flow into electronic health record (EHR) systems, or do not appear in a format that physicians can use.
The researchers concluded that stimulant drug use may result in acute stimulant-induced tremor as well as long-term proprioceptive deficits in terms of arm-droop.